Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jonah 2:2

Context
NETBible

and said, “I 1  called out to the Lord from my distress, and he answered me; 2  from the belly of Sheol 3  I cried out for help, and you heard my prayer. 4 

XREF

Ge 32:7-12,24-28; 1Sa 1:16; 1Sa 30:6; Ps 4:1; Ps 16:10; Ps 18:4-6; Ps 18:5,6; Ps 22:24; Ps 34:6; Ps 61:2; Ps 65:2; Ps 86:13; Ps 88:1-7; Ps 116:3; Ps 120:1; Ps 142:1-3; Isa 14:9; Mt 12:40; Lu 22:44; Ac 2:27; Heb 5:7

NET © Notes

sn The eight verses of Jonah’s prayer in Hebrew contain twenty-seven first-person pronominal references to himself. There are fifteen second- or third-person references to the Lord.

tn Tg. Jonah 2:2 renders this interpretively: “and he heard my prayer.”

sn The first verse of the prayer summarizes the whole – “I was in trouble; I called to the Lord for help; he rescued me; I will give him thanks” – before elaborating on the nature and extent of the trouble (vv. 3-7a), mentioning the cry for help and the subsequent rescue (6b-7), and promising to give thanks (8-9). These elements, as well as much vocabulary and imagery found in Jonah’s prayer, appear also in other Hebrew psalms. With Jonah 2:1 compare, for example, Pss 18:6; 22:24; 81:7; 116:1-4; 120:1; 130:1-2; Lam 3:55-56. These references and others indicate that Jonah was familiar with prayers used in worship at the temple in Jerusalem; he knew “all the right words.” Consider also Ps 107 with Jonah as a whole.

sn Sheol was a name for the place of residence of the dead, the underworld (see Job 7:9-10; Isa 38:17-18). Jonah pictures himself in the belly of Sheol, its very center – in other words he is as good as dead.

tn Heb “voice” (so KJV, NAB, NASB, NRSV); NIV “my cry.” The term קוֹל (qol, “voice”) functions as a metonymy for the content of what is uttered: cry for help in prayer.



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