Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jonah 1:6

Context
NET ©

The ship’s captain approached him and said, “What are you doing asleep? 1  Get up! Cry out 2  to your god! Perhaps your god 3  might take notice of us 4  so that we might not die!”

NIV ©

The captain went to him and said, "How can you sleep? Get up and call on your god! Maybe he will take notice of us, and we will not perish."

NASB ©

So the captain approached him and said, "How is it that you are sleeping? Get up, call on your god. Perhaps your god will be concerned about us so that we will not perish."

NLT ©

So the captain went down after him. "How can you sleep at a time like this?" he shouted. "Get up and pray to your god! Maybe he will have mercy on us and spare our lives."

MSG ©

The captain came to him and said, "What's this? Sleeping! Get up! Pray to your god! Maybe your god will see we're in trouble and rescue us."

BBE ©

And the ship’s captain came to him and said to him, What are you doing sleeping? Up! say a prayer to your God, if by chance God will give a thought to us, so that we may not come to destruction.

NRSV ©

The captain came and said to him, "What are you doing sound asleep? Get up, call on your god! Perhaps the god will spare us a thought so that we do not perish."

NKJV ©

So the captain came to him, and said to him, "What do you mean, sleeper? Arise, call on your God; perhaps your God will consider us, so that we may not perish."


KJV
So the shipmaster
<07227> <02259>
came
<07126> (8799)
to him, and said
<0559> (8799)
unto him, What meanest thou, O sleeper
<07290> (8737)_?
arise
<06965> (8798)_,
call
<07121> (8798)
upon thy God
<0430>_,
if so be that God
<0430>
will think
<06245> (8691)
upon us, that we perish
<06> (8799)
not.
NASB ©
So the captain
<07227>
<2259> approached
<07126>
him and said
<0559>
, "How
<04100>
is it that you are sleeping
<07290>
? Get
<06965>
up, call
<07121>
on your god
<0430>
. Perhaps
<0194>
your god
<0430>
will be concerned
<06245>
about us so that we will not perish
<06>
."
HEBREW
dban
<06>
alw
<03808>
wnl
<0>
Myhlah
<0430>
tsety
<06245>
ylwa
<0194>
Kyhla
<0430>
la
<0413>
arq
<07121>
Mwq
<06965>
Mdrn
<07290>
Kl
<0>
hm
<04100>
wl
<0>
rmayw
<0559>
lbxh
<02259>
br
<07227>
wyla
<0413>
brqyw (1:6)
<07126>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
proshlyen
<4334
V-AAI-3S
prov
<4314
PREP
auton
<846
D-ASM
o
<3588
T-NSM
prwreuv {N-NSM} kai
<2532
CONJ
eipen {V-AAI-3S} autw
<846
D-DSM
ti
<5100
I-ASN
su
<4771
P-NS
regceiv {V-PAI-2S} anasta
<450
V-AAD-2S
kai
<2532
CONJ
epikalou {V-PMD-2S} ton
<3588
T-ASM
yeon
<2316
N-ASM
sou
<4771
P-GS
opwv
<3704
CONJ
diaswsh
<1295
V-FMI-2S
o
<3588
T-NSM
yeov
<2316
N-NSM
hmav
<1473
P-AP
kai
<2532
CONJ
mh
<3165
ADV
apolwmeya {V-PMS-1P}
NET © [draft] ITL
The ship’s
<02259>
captain
<07227>
approached
<07126>
him and said
<0559>
, “What
<04100>
are you doing asleep
<07290>
? Get up
<06965>
! Cry
<07121>
out to
<0413>
your god
<0430>
! Perhaps
<0194>
your god
<0430>
might take notice
<06245>
of us so that we might not
<03808>
die
<06>
!”
NET ©

The ship’s captain approached him and said, “What are you doing asleep? 1  Get up! Cry out 2  to your god! Perhaps your god 3  might take notice of us 4  so that we might not die!”

NET © Notes

tn Heb “What to you sleeping!” The Niphal participle נִרְדָּם (nirdam) from רָדַם (radam, “to sleep”) functions here not as a vocative use of the noun (so KJV, NKJV, ASV: “O sleeper,” RSV: “you sleeper”) but as a verbal use to depict uninterrupted sleep up to this point. The expression מַה־לְּךָ (mah-lÿkha, “what to you?”) can express surprise (BDB 552 s.v. מָה 1.a; e.g., Job 9:12; 22:12; Eccl 8:4; Isa 45:9,10) or indignation and contempt (BDB 552 s.v. מָה 1.c; e.g., 1 Kgs 19:9, 13). Accordingly, the captain is either surprised that Jonah is able to sleep so soundly through the storm (NIV “How can you sleep?”; JPS, NJPS “How can you be sleeping so soundly?”; NEB, REB “What, sound asleep?”) or indignant that Jonah would sleep in a life-threatening situation when he should be praying (CEV “How can you sleep at a time like this?”; NAB “What are you doing [+ sound NRSV] asleep?”; NJB: “What do you mean by sleeping?”).

tn Heb “cry out” or “call upon.” The verb קָרָא (qara’, “to call out, to cry out”) + the preposition אֶל (’el, “to”) often depicts a loud, audible cry of prayer to God for help in the midst of trouble: “to call on, to shout to” (HALOT 1129 s.v. קרא 9.b; BDB 895 s.v. קָרָא 2.a; e.g., Judg 15:18; 1 Sam 12:17, 18; 2 Sam 22:7; Hos 7:7; Pss 3:4 [5 HT]; 4:3 [4 HT]). Jonker notes: “The basic meaning of qr’ is to draw attention to oneself by the audible use of one’s voice in order to establish contact with someone else. The reaction of the called person is normally expressed by the verbs…‘answer’ and…‘hear’” (L. Jonker, NIDOTTE 3:971).

sn The imperatives “arise!” and “cry out!” are repeated from v. 2 for ironic effect. The captain’s words would have rung in Jonah’s ears as a stinging reminder that the Lord had uttered them once before. Jonah was hearing them again because he had disobeyed them before.

tn Heb “the god.” The article on הָאֱלֹהִים (haelohim) denotes previous reference to אֱלֹהֶיךָ (’elohekha, “your god”; see IBHS 242-43 §13.5.1d). The captain refers here to the “god” just mentioned, that is, whatever god Jonah might pray to (“your god”).

tn Or “give thought to us.” The verb is found only here in the OT. Related nouns are in Job 12:5 and Ps 146:5. The captain hopes for some favorable attention from a god who might act on behalf of his endangered crewmen.



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