Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jonah 1:10

Context
NET ©

Hearing this, 1  the men became even more afraid 2  and said to him, “What have you done?” (The men said this because they knew that he was trying to escape 3  from the Lord, 4  because he had previously told them. 5 )

NIV ©

This terrified them and they asked, "What have you done?" (They knew he was running away from the LORD, because he had already told them so.)

NASB ©

Then the men became extremely frightened and they said to him, "How could you do this?" For the men knew that he was fleeing from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them.

NLT ©

Then he told them that he was running away from the LORD. The sailors were terrified when they heard this. "Oh, why did you do it?" they groaned.

MSG ©

At that, the men were frightened, really frightened, and said, "What on earth have you done!" As Jonah talked, the sailors realized that he was running away from GOD.

BBE ©

And the men were in great fear, and they said to him, What is this you have done? For the men had knowledge of his flight from the Lord because he had not kept it from them.

NRSV ©

Then the men were even more afraid, and said to him, "What is this that you have done!" For the men knew that he was fleeing from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them so.

NKJV ©

Then the men were exceedingly afraid, and said to him, "Why have you done this?" For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them.


KJV
Then were the men
<0582>
exceedingly
<01419> <03374>
afraid
<03372> (8799)_,
and said
<0559> (8799)
unto him, Why hast thou done
<06213> (8804)
this? For the men
<0582>
knew
<03045> (8804)
that he fled
<01272> (8802)
from the presence
<06440>
of the LORD
<03068>_,
because he had told
<05046> (8689)
them. {exceedingly...: Heb. with great fear}
NASB ©
Then the men
<0376>
became
<03372>
extremely
<03374>
<1419> frightened
<03372>
and they said
<0559>
to him, "How
<04100>
could you do
<06213>
this
<02088>
?" For the men
<0376>
knew
<03045>
that he was fleeing
<01272>
from the presence
<06440>
of the LORD
<03068>
, because
<03588>
he had told
<05046>
them.
HEBREW
Mhl
<01992>
dygh
<05046>
yk
<03588>
xrb
<01272>
awh
<01931>
hwhy
<03069>
ynplm
<06440>
yk
<03588>
Mysnah
<0582>
wedy
<03045>
yk
<03588>
tyve
<06213>
taz
<02063>
hm
<04100>
wyla
<0413>
wrmayw
<0559>
hlwdg
<01419>
hary
<03373>
Mysnah
<0582>
waryyw (1:10)
<03372>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
efobhyhsan
<5399
V-API-3P
oi
<3588
T-NPM
andrev
<435
N-NPM
fobon
<5401
N-ASM
megan
<3173
A-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
eipan {V-AAI-3P} prov
<4314
PREP
auton
<846
D-ASM
ti
<5100
I-ASN
touto
<3778
D-ASN
epoihsav
<4160
V-AAI-2S
dioti
<1360
CONJ
egnwsan
<1097
V-AAI-3P
oi
<3588
T-NPM
andrev
<435
N-NPM
oti
<3754
CONJ
ek
<1537
PREP
proswpou
<4383
N-GSN
kuriou
<2962
N-GSM
hn
<1510
V-IAI-3S
feugwn
<5343
V-PAPNS
oti
<3754
CONJ
aphggeilen {V-AAI-3S} autoiv
<846
D-DPM
NET © [draft] ITL
Hearing
<03372>
this, the men
<0582>
became even more
<01419>
afraid
<03373>
and said
<0559>
to him
<0413>
, “What
<04100>
have you done
<06213>
?” (The men
<0582>
said this
<02063>
because
<03588>
they knew
<03045>
that
<03588>
he was
<01931>
trying to escape
<01272>
from the Lord
<03069>
, because
<03588>
he had previously told
<05046>
them
<01992>
.)
NET ©

Hearing this, 1  the men became even more afraid 2  and said to him, “What have you done?” (The men said this because they knew that he was trying to escape 3  from the Lord, 4  because he had previously told them. 5 )

NET © Notes

tn Heb “Then the men feared…” The vav-consecutive describes the consequence of Jonah’s statement. The phrase “Hearing this” does not appear in the Hebrew text but is supplied in the translation for the sake of clarity.

tn Heb “The men feared a great fear.” The cognate accusative construction using the verb יָרֵא (yare’, “to fear”) and the noun יִרְאָה (yirah, “fear”) from the same root (ירא, yr’) emphasizes the sailors’ escalating fright: “they became very afraid” (see IBHS 167 §10.2.1g).

tn Heb “fleeing.”

sn The first two times that Jonah is said to be running away from the Lord (1:3), Hebrew word order puts this phrase last. Now in the third occurrence (1:10), it comes emphatically before the verb that describes Jonah’s action. The sailors were even more afraid once they had heard who it was that Jonah had offended.

tn Heb “because he had told them.” The verb הִגִּיד (higgid, “he had told”) functions as a past perfect, referring to a previous event.



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