Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

John 3:16

Context
NET ©

For this is the way 1  God loved the world: He gave his one and only 2  Son, so that everyone who believes in him will not perish 3  but have eternal life. 4 

NIV ©

"For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.

NASB ©

"For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.

NLT ©

"For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him will not perish but have eternal life.

MSG ©

"This is how much God loved the world: He gave his Son, his one and only Son. And this is why: so that no one need be destroyed; by believing in him, anyone can have a whole and lasting life.

BBE ©

For God had such love for the world that he gave his only Son, so that whoever has faith in him may not come to destruction but have eternal life.

NRSV ©

"For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life.

NKJV ©

"For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.


KJV
For
<1063>
God
<2316>
so
<3779>
loved
<25> (5656)
the world
<2889>_,
that
<5620>
he gave
<1325> (5656)
his
<846>
only begotten
<3439>
Son
<5207>_,
that
<2443>
whosoever
<3956>
believeth
<4100> (5723)
in
<1519>
him
<846>
should
<622> (0)
not
<3361>
perish
<622> (5643)_,
but
<235>
have
<2192> (5725)
everlasting
<166>
life
<2222>_.
NASB ©
"For God
<2316>
so
<3779>
loved
<25>
the world
<2889>
, that He gave
<1325>
His only
<3439>
begotten
<3439>
Son
<5207>
, that whoever
<3956>
believes
<4100>
in Him shall not perish
<622>
, but have
<2192>
eternal
<166>
life
<2222>
.
GREEK
outwv
<3779>
ADV
gar
<1063>
CONJ
hgaphsen
<25> (5656)
V-AAI-3S
o
<3588>
T-NSM
yeov
<2316>
N-NSM
ton
<3588>
T-ASM
kosmon
<2889>
N-ASM
wste
<5620>
CONJ
ton
<3588>
T-ASM
uion
<5207>
N-ASM
ton
<3588>
T-ASM
monogenh
<3439>
A-ASM
edwken
<1325> (5656)
V-AAI-3S
ina
<2443>
CONJ
pav
<3956>
A-NSM
o
<3588>
T-NSM
pisteuwn
<4100> (5723)
V-PAP-NSM
eiv
<1519>
PREP
auton
<846>
P-ASM
mh
<3361>
PRT-N
apolhtai
<622> (5643)
V-2AMS-3S
all
<235>
CONJ
ech
<2192> (5725)
V-PAS-3S
zwhn
<2222>
N-ASF
aiwnion
<166>
A-ASF
NET © [draft] ITL
For
<1063>
this is the way
<3779>
God
<2316>
loved
<25>
the world
<2889>
: He gave
<1325>
his one and only
<3439>
Son
<5207>
, so that
<2443>
everyone
<3956>
who believes
<4100>
in
<1519>
him
<846>
will
<622>
not
<3361>
perish
<622>
but
<235>
have
<2192>
eternal
<166>
life
<2222>
.
NET ©

For this is the way 1  God loved the world: He gave his one and only 2  Son, so that everyone who believes in him will not perish 3  but have eternal life. 4 

NET © Notes

tn Or “this is how much”; or “in this way.” The Greek adverb οὕτως (Joutws) can refer (1) to the degree to which God loved the world, that is, to such an extent or so much that he gave his own Son (see R. E. Brown, John [AB], 1:133-34; D. A. Carson, John, 204) or (2) simply to the manner in which God loved the world, i.e., by sending his own son (see R. H. Gundry and R. W. Howell, “The Sense and Syntax of John 3:14-17 with Special Reference to the Use of Οὕτωςὥστε in John 3:16,” NovT 41 [1999]: 24-39). Though the term more frequently refers to the manner in which something is done (see BDAG 741-42 s.v. οὕτω/οὕτως), the following clause involving ὥστε (Jwste) plus the indicative (which stresses actual, but [usually] unexpected result) emphasizes the greatness of the gift God has given. With this in mind, then, it is likely (3) that John is emphasizing both the degree to which God loved the world as well as the manner in which He chose to express that love. This is in keeping with John’s style of using double entendre or double meaning. Thus, the focus of the Greek construction here is on the nature of God's love, addressing its mode, intensity, and extent.

tn Although this word is often translated “only begotten,” such a translation is misleading, since in English it appears to express a metaphysical relationship. The word in Greek was used of an only child (a son [Luke 7:12, 9:38] or a daughter [Luke 8:42]). It was also used of something unique (only one of its kind) such as the mythological Phoenix (1 Clement 25:2). From here it passes easily to a description of Isaac (Heb 11:17 and Josephus, Ant. 1.13.1 [1.222]) who was not Abraham’s only son, but was one-of-a-kind because he was the child of the promise. Thus the word means “one-of-a-kind” and is reserved for Jesus in the Johannine literature of the NT. While all Christians are children of God (τέκνα θεοῦ, tekna qeou), Jesus is God’s Son in a unique, one-of-a-kind sense. The word is used in this way in all its uses in the Gospel of John (1:14, 1:18, 3:16, and 3:18).

tn In John the word ἀπόλλυμι (apollumi) can mean either (1) to be lost (2) to perish or be destroyed, depending on the context.

sn The alternatives presented are only two (again, it is typical of Johannine thought for this to be presented in terms of polar opposites): perish or have eternal life.



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