Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

John 19:28

Context
NETBible

After this Jesus, realizing that by this time 1  everything was completed, 2  said (in order to fulfill the scripture), 3  “I am thirsty!” 4 

XREF

Ps 22:15; Ps 69:21; Lu 9:31; Lu 12:50; Lu 18:31; Lu 22:37; Joh 13:1; Joh 18:4; Joh 19:30; Ac 13:29

NET © Notes

tn Or “that already.”

tn Or “finished,” “accomplished”; Grk “fulfilled.”

sn A reference to Ps 69:21 or Ps 22:15.

sn In order to fulfill (τελειωθῇ [teleiwqh], a wordplay on the previous statement that everything was completed [τετέλεσται, tetelestai]) the scripture, he said, “I am thirsty.” The scripture referred to is probably Ps 69:21, “They also gave me gall for my food, and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.” Also suggested, however, is Ps 22:15, “My tongue cleaves to the roof of my mouth, and you [God] lay me in the dust of death.” Ps 22:1 reads “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?,” a statement Jesus makes from the cross in both Matt 27:46 and Mark 15:34. In light of the connection in the Fourth Gospel between thirst and the living water which Jesus offers, it is highly ironic that here Jesus himself, the source of that living water, expresses his thirst. And since 7:39 associates the living water with the Holy Spirit, Jesus’ statement here in 19:28 amounts to an admission that at this point he has been forsaken by God (cf. Ps 22:1, Matt 27:46, and Mark 15:34).



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