John 18:27

NET ©

Then Peter denied it again, and immediately a rooster crowed.

NIV ©

Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a cock began to crow.

NASB ©

Peter then denied it again, and immediately a rooster crowed.

NLT ©

Again Peter denied it. And immediately a rooster crowed.

MSG ©

Again, Peter denied it. Just then a rooster crowed.

BBE ©

Then again Peter said, No. And straight away a cock gave its cry.

NRSV ©

Again Peter denied it, and at that moment the cock crowed.

NKJV ©

Peter then denied again; and immediately a rooster crowed.

KJV
Peter
<4074>
then
<3767>
denied
<720> (5662)
again
<3825>_:
and
<2532>
immediately
<2112>
the cock
<220>
crew
<5455> (5656)_.
GREEK
palin
<3825>
ADV
oun
<3767>
CONJ
hrnhsato
<720> (5662)
V-ADI-3S
petrov
<4074>
N-NSM
kai
<2532>
CONJ
euyewv
<2112>
ADV
alektwr
<220>
N-NSM
efwnhsen
<5455> (5656)
V-AAI-3S
NET © [draft] ITL
Then
<3767>
Peter
<4074>
denied
<720>
it again
<3825>
, and
<2532>
immediately
<2112>
a rooster
<220>
crowed
<5455>
.
NET © Notes

tn It seems most likely that this refers to a real rooster crowing, although a number of scholars have suggested that “cockcrow” is a technical term referring to the trumpet call which ended the third watch of the night (from midnight to 3 a.m.). This would then be a reference to the Roman gallicinium (ἀλεκτοροφωνία, alektorofwnia; the term is used in Mark 13:35 and is found in some mss [Ì37vid,45 Ë1] in Matt 26:34) which would have been sounded at 3 a.m.; in this case Jesus would have prophesied a precise time by which the denials would have taken place. For more details see J. H. Bernard, St. John (ICC), 2:604. However, in light of the fact that Mark mentions the rooster crowing twice (Mark 14:72) and in Luke 22:60 the words are reversed (ἐφώνησεν ἀλέκτωρ, efwnhsen alektwr), it is more probable that a real rooster is in view. In any event natural cockcrow would have occurred at approximately 3 a.m. in Palestine at this time of year (March-April) anyway.

sn No indication is given of Peter’s emotional state at this third denial (as in Matt 26:74 and Mark 14:71) or that he remembered that Jesus had foretold the denials (Matt 26:75, Mark 14:72 and Luke 22:61), or the bitter remorse Peter felt afterward (Matt 26:75, Mark 14:72, and Luke 22:62).