Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

John 16:8

Context
NET ©

And when he 1  comes, he will prove the world wrong 2  concerning sin and 3  righteousness and 4  judgment –

NIV ©

When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment:

NASB ©

"And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment;

NLT ©

And when he comes, he will convince the world of its sin, and of God’s righteousness, and of the coming judgment.

MSG ©

"When he comes, he'll expose the error of the godless world's view of sin, righteousness, and judgment:

BBE ©

And he, when he comes, will make the world conscious of sin, and of righteousness, and of being judged:

NRSV ©

And when he comes, he will prove the world wrong about sin and righteousness and judgment:

NKJV ©

"And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:


KJV
And
<2532>
when he is come
<2064> (5631)_,
he
<1565>
will reprove
<1651> (5692)
the world
<2889>
of
<4012>
sin
<266>_,
and
<2532>
of
<4012>
righteousness
<1343>_,
and
<2532>
of
<4012>
judgment
<2920>_:
{reprove: or, convince}
NASB ©
"And He, when He comes
<2064>
, will convict
<1651>
the world
<2889>
concerning
<4012>
sin
<266>
and righteousness
<1343>
and judgment
<2920>
;
GREEK
kai
<2532>
CONJ
elywn
<2064> (5631)
V-2AAP-NSM
ekeinov
<1565>
D-NSM
elegxei
<1651> (5692)
V-FAI-3S
ton
<3588>
T-ASM
kosmon
<2889>
N-ASM
peri
<4012>
PREP
amartiav
<266>
N-GSF
kai
<2532>
CONJ
peri
<4012>
PREP
dikaiosunhv
<1343>
N-GSF
kai
<2532>
CONJ
peri
<4012>
PREP
krisewv
<2920>
N-GSF
NET © [draft] ITL
And
<2532>
when
<2064>
he comes
<2064>
, he will prove
<1651>
the world
<2889>
wrong
<1651>
concerning
<4012>
sin
<266>
and
<2532>
righteousness
<1343>
and
<2532>
judgment
<2920>
NET ©

And when he 1  comes, he will prove the world wrong 2  concerning sin and 3  righteousness and 4  judgment –

NET © Notes

tn Grk “when that one.”

tn Or “will convict the world,” or “will expose the world.” The conjunction περί (peri) is used in 16:8-11 in the sense of “concerning” or “with respect to.” But what about the verb ἐλέγχω (elencw)? The basic meanings possible for this word are (1) “to convict or convince someone of something”; (2) “to bring to light or expose something; and (3) “to correct or punish someone.” The third possibility may be ruled out in these verses on contextual grounds since punishment is not implied. The meaning is often understood to be that the Paraclete will “convince” the world of its error, so that some at least will repent. But S. Mowinckel (“Die Vorstellungen des Spätjudentums vom heiligen Geist als Fürsprecher und der johanneische Paraklet,” ZNW 32 [1933]: 97-130) demonstrated that the verb ἐλέγχω did not necessarily imply the conversion or reform of the guilty party. This means it is far more likely that conviction in something of a legal sense is intended here (as in a trial). The only certainty is that the accused party is indeed proven guilty (not that they will acknowledge their guilt). Further confirmation of this interpretation is seen in John 14:17 where the world cannot receive the Paraclete and in John 3:20, where the evildoer deliberately refuses to come to the light, lest his deeds be exposed for what they really are (significantly, the verb in John 3:20 is also ἐλέγχω). However, if one wishes to adopt the meaning “prove guilty” for the use of ἐλέγχω in John 16:8 a difficulty still remains: While this meaning fits the first statement in 16:9 – the world is ‘proven guilty’ concerning its sin of refusing to believe in Jesus – it does not fit so well the second and third assertions in vv. 10-11. Thus R. E. Brown (John [AB], 2:705) suggests the more general meaning “prove wrong” which would fit in all three cases. This may be so, but there may also be a developmental aspect to the meaning, which would then shift from v. 9 to v. 10 to v. 11.

tn Grk “and concerning.”

tn Grk “and concerning.”



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