Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Job 3:12

Context
NET ©

Why did the knees welcome me, 1  and why were there 2  two breasts 3  that I might nurse at them? 4 

NIV ©

Why were there knees to receive me and breasts that I might be nursed?

NASB ©

"Why did the knees receive me, And why the breasts, that I should suck?

NLT ©

Why did my mother let me live? Why did she nurse me at her breasts?

MSG ©

Why were there arms to rock me, and breasts for me to drink from?

BBE ©

Why did the knees take me, or why the breasts that they might give me milk?

NRSV ©

Why were there knees to receive me, or breasts for me to suck?

NKJV ©

Why did the knees receive me? Or why the breasts, that I should nurse?


KJV
Why did the knees
<01290>
prevent
<06923> (8765)
me? or why the breasts
<07699>
that I should suck
<03243> (8799)_?
NASB ©
"Why
<04069>
did the knees
<01290>
receive
<06923>
me, And why
<04100>
the breasts
<07699>
, that I should suck
<03243>
?
HEBREW
qnya
<03243>
yk
<03588>
Myds
<07699>
hmw
<04100>
Mykrb
<01290>
ynwmdq
<06923>
ewdm (3:12)
<04069>
LXXM
ina
<2443
CONJ
ti
<5100
I-ASN
de
<1161
PRT
sunhnthsan
<4876
V-AAI-3P
moi
<1473
P-DS
gonata
<1119
N-NPN
ina
<2443
CONJ
ti
<5100
I-ASN
de
<1161
PRT
mastouv
<3149
N-APM
eyhlasa
<2337
V-AAI-1S
NET © [draft] ITL
Why
<04069>
did the knees
<01290>
welcome
<06923>
me, and why
<04100>
were there two breasts
<07699>
that
<03588>
I might nurse
<03243>
at them?
NET ©

Why did the knees welcome me, 1  and why were there 2  two breasts 3  that I might nurse at them? 4 

NET © Notes

tn The verb קִדְּמוּנִי (qiddÿmuni) is the Piel from קָדַם (qadam), meaning “to come before; to meet; to prevent.” Here it has the idea of going to meet or welcome someone. In spite of various attempts to connect the idea to the father or to adoption rites, it probably simply means the mother’s knees that welcome the child for nursing. See R. de Vaux, Ancient Israel, 42.

sn The sufferer is looking back over all the possible chances of death, including when he was brought forth, placed on the knees or lap, and breastfed.

tn There is no verb in the second half of the verse. The idea simply has, “and why breasts that I might suck?”

sn The commentaries mention the parallel construction in the writings of Ashurbanipal: “You were weak, Ashurbanipal, you who sat on the knees of the goddess, queen of Nineveh; of the four teats that were placed near to your mouth, you sucked two and you hid your face in the others” (M. Streck, Assurbanipal [VAB], 348).

tn Heb “that I might suckle.” The verb is the Qal imperfect of יָנַק (yanaq, “suckle”). Here the clause is subordinated to the preceding question and so function as a final imperfect.



TIP #19: Use the Study Dictionary to learn and to research all aspects of 20,000+ terms/words. [ALL]
created in 0.03 seconds
powered by bible.org