Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Job 14:5


Since man’s days 1  are determined, 2  the number of his months is under your control; 3  you have set his limit 4  and he cannot pass it.


Job 7:1; Job 12:10; Job 14:14; Job 21:21; Job 23:13,14; Ps 39:4; Ps 104:9,29; Da 4:35; Da 5:26,30; Da 9:24; Da 11:36; Lu 12:20; Ac 17:26; Heb 9:27; Re 1:18; Re 3:7

NET © Notes

tn Heb “his days.”

tn The passive participle is from חָרַץ (kharats), which means “determined.” The word literally means “cut” (Lev 22:22, “mutilated”). E. Dhorme, (Job, 197) takes it to mean “engraved” as on stone; from a custom of inscribing decrees on tablets of stone he derives the meaning here of “decreed.” This, he argues, is parallel to the way חָקַק (khaqaq, “engrave”) is used. The word חֹק (khoq) is an “ordinance” or “statute”; the idea is connected to the verb “to engrave.” The LXX has “if his life should be but one day on the earth, and his months are numbered by him, you have appointed him for a time and he shall by no means exceed it.”

tn Heb “[is] with you.” This clearly means under God’s control.

tn The word חֹק (khoq) has the meanings of “decree, decision, and limit” (cf. Job 28:26; 38:10).

sn Job is saying that God foreordains the number of the days of man. He foreknows the number of the months. He fixes the limit of human life which cannot be passed.

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