Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Job 11:10

Context
NET ©

If he comes by 1  and confines 2  you 3  and convenes a court, 4  then who can prevent 5  him?

NIV ©

"If he comes along and confines you in prison and convenes a court, who can oppose him?

NASB ©

"If He passes by or shuts up, Or calls an assembly, who can restrain Him?

NLT ©

If God comes along and puts a person in prison, or if he calls the court to order, who is going to stop him?

MSG ©

If he happens along, throws you in jail then hauls you into court, can you do anything about it?

BBE ©

If he goes on his way, shutting a man up and putting him to death, who may make him go back from his purpose?

NRSV ©

If he passes through, and imprisons, and assembles for judgment, who can hinder him?

NKJV ©

"If He passes by, imprisons, and gathers to judgment , Then who can hinder Him?


KJV
If he cut off
<02498> (8799)_,
and shut up
<05462> (8686)_,
or gather together
<06950> (8686)_,
then who can hinder
<07725> (8686)
him? {cut...: or, make a change} {hinder...: Heb. turn him away?}
NASB ©
"If
<0518>
He passes
<02498>
by or shuts
<05462>
up, Or calls
<06950>
an assembly
<06950>
, who
<04310>
can restrain
<07725>
Him?
HEBREW
wnbysy
<07725>
ymw
<04310>
lyhqyw
<06950>
rygoyw
<05462>
Plxy
<02498>
Ma (11:10)
<0518>
LXXM
ean
<1437
CONJ
de
<1161
PRT
katastreqh
<2690
V-FMI-2S
ta
<3588
T-APN
panta
<3956
A-APN
tiv
<5100
I-NSM
erei {V-FAI-3S} autw
<846
D-DSM
ti
<5100
I-ASN
epoihsav
<4160
V-AAI-2S
NET © [draft] ITL
If
<0518>
he comes by and confines
<02498>
you and convenes
<06950>
a court, then
<06950>
who can
<04310>
prevent
<07725>
him?
NET ©

If he comes by 1  and confines 2  you 3  and convenes a court, 4  then who can prevent 5  him?

NET © Notes

tn The verb יַחֲלֹף (yakhalof) is literally “passes by/through” (NIV “comes along” in the sense of “if it should so happen”). Many accept the emendation to יַחְתֹּף (yakhtof, “he seizes,” cf. Gordis, Driver), but there is not much support for these.

tn The verb is the Hiphil of סָגַר (sagar, “to close; to shut”) and so here in this context it probably means something like “to shut in; to confine.” But this is a difficult meaning, and the sentence is cryptic. E. Dhorme (Job, 162) thinks this word and the next have to be antithetical, and so he suggests from a meaning “to keep confined” the idea of keeping a matter secret; and with the next verb, “to convene an assembly,” he offers “to divulge it.”

tn The pronoun “you” is not in the Hebrew text but has been supplied in the translation.

tn The denominative Hiphil of קָהָל (qahal, “an assembly”) has the idea of “to convene an assembly.” In this context there would be the legal sense of convening a court, i.e., calling Job to account (D. J. A. Clines, Job [WBC], 255). See E. Ullendorff, “The Meaning of QHLT,” VT 12 (1962): 215; he defines the verb also as “argue, rebuke.”

tn The verb means “turn him back.” Zophar uses Job’s own words (see 9:12).



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