Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 7:31

Context
NET ©

They have also built places of worship 1  in a place called Topheth 2  in the Valley of Ben Hinnom so that they can sacrifice their sons and daughters by fire. That is something I never commanded them to do! Indeed, it never even entered my mind to command such a thing! 3 

NIV ©

They have built the high places of Topheth in the Valley of Ben Hinnom to burn their sons and daughters in the fire— something I did not command, nor did it enter my mind.

NASB ©

"They have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, which I did not command, and it did not come into My mind.

NLT ©

They have built the pagan shrines of Topheth in the valley of the son of Hinnom, where they sacrifice their little sons and daughters in the fire. I have never commanded such a horrible deed; it never even crossed my mind to command such a thing!

MSG ©

They've constructed Topheth altars for burning babies in prominent places all through the valley of Ben-hinnom, altars for burning their sons and daughters alive in the fire--a shocking perversion of all that I am and all I command.

BBE ©

And they have put up the high place of Topheth in the valley of the son of Hinnom, burning their sons and their daughters there in the fire; a thing which was not ordered by me and never came into my mind.

NRSV ©

And they go on building the high place of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire—which I did not command, nor did it come into my mind.

NKJV ©

"And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, which I did not command, nor did it come into My heart.


KJV
And they have built
<01129> (8804)
the high places
<01116>
of Tophet
<08612>_,
which [is] in the valley
<01516>
of the son
<01121>
of Hinnom
<02011>_,
to burn
<08313> (8800)
their sons
<01121>
and their daughters
<01323>
in the fire
<0784>_;
which I commanded
<06680> (8765)
[them] not, neither came
<05927> (8804)
it into my heart
<03820>_.
{came...: Heb. came it upon my heart}
NASB ©
"They have built
<01129>
the high
<01116>
places
<01116>
of Topheth
<08612>
, which
<0834>
is in the valley
<01516>
of the son
<01121>
of Hinnom
<02011>
, to burn
<08313>
their sons
<01121>
and their daughters
<01323>
in the fire
<0784>
, which
<0834>
I did not command
<06680>
, and it did not come
<05927>
into My mind
<03820>
.
HEBREW
o
ybl
<03820>
le
<05921>
htle
<05927>
alw
<03808>
ytywu
<06680>
al
<03808>
rsa
<0834>
sab
<0784>
Mhytnb
<01121>
taw
<0853>
Mhynb
<01323>
ta
<0853>
Prvl
<08313>
Mnh
<02011>
Nb
<01121>
aygb
<01516>
rsa
<0834>
tpth
<08612>
twmb
<01116>
wnbw (7:31)
<01129>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
wkodomhsan
<3618
V-AAI-3P
ton
<3588
T-ASM
bwmon
<1041
N-ASM
tou
<3588
T-GSM
tafey {N-PRI} ov
<3739
R-NSM
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
en
<1722
PREP
faraggi
<5327
N-DSF
uiou
<5207
N-GSM
ennom {N-PRI} tou
<3588
T-GSN
katakaiein
<2618
V-PAN
touv
<3588
T-APM
uiouv
<5207
N-APM
autwn
<846
D-GPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
tav
<3588
T-APF
yugaterav
<2364
N-APF
autwn
<846
D-GPM
en
<1722
PREP
puri
<4442
N-DSN
o
<3739
R-NSN
ouk
<3364
ADV
eneteilamhn
<1781
V-AMI-1S
autoiv
<846
D-DPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ou
<3364
ADV
dienohyhn {V-API-1S} en
<1722
PREP
th
<3588
T-DSF
kardia
<2588
N-DSF
mou
<1473
P-GS
NET © [draft] ITL
They have
<0834>
also built
<01129>
places of worship
<01116>
in a place called Topheth
<08612>
in the Valley
<01516>
of Ben Hinnom
<02011>
so that
<0834>
they can sacrifice
<08313>
their sons
<01121>
and daughters
<01323>
by fire
<0784>
. That
<0834>
is something I never commanded
<06680>
them to do! Indeed, it never
<03808>
even entered
<05927>
my mind
<03820>
to command such a thing!
NET ©

They have also built places of worship 1  in a place called Topheth 2  in the Valley of Ben Hinnom so that they can sacrifice their sons and daughters by fire. That is something I never commanded them to do! Indeed, it never even entered my mind to command such a thing! 3 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “high places.”

sn These places of worship were essentially open air shrines often located on hills or wooded heights. They were generally connected with pagan worship and equipped with altars of sacrifice and of incense and cult objects such as wooden poles and stone pillars which were symbols of the god and/or goddess worshiped at the sight. The Israelites were commanded to tear down these Canaanite places of worship (Num 33:52) but they did not do so, often taking over the site for the worship of Yahweh but even then incorporating some of the pagan cult objects and ritual into their worship of Yahweh (1 Kgs 12:31, 32; 14:23). The prophets were especially opposed to these places and to this kind of syncretism (Hos 10:8; Amos 7:9) and to the pagan worship that was often practiced at them (Jer 7:31; 19:5; 32:35).

tn Heb “the high places of [or in] Topheth.”

sn The noun Topheth is generally explained as an artificial formation of a word related to the Aramaic word for “cooking stove” combined with the vowels for the word for “shame.” Hence, Jewish piety viewed it as a very shameful act, one that was contrary to the law (see Lev 18:21; 20:2-6). Child sacrifice was practiced during the reigns of the wicked kings Ahaz and Manasseh and apparently during Jeremiah’s day (cf. 2 Kgs 16:3; 21:6; Jer 32:35).

tn Heb “It never entered my heart.” The words “to command such a thing” do not appear in the Hebrew but are added for the sake of clarity.



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