Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 51:11

Context
NET ©

“Sharpen 1  your arrows! Fill your quivers! 2  The Lord will arouse a spirit of hostility in 3  the kings of Media. 4  For he intends to destroy Babylonia. For that is how the Lord will get his revenge – how he will get his revenge for the Babylonians’ destruction of his temple. 5 

NIV ©

"Sharpen the arrows, take up the shields! The LORD has stirred up the kings of the Medes, because his purpose is to destroy Babylon. The LORD will take vengeance, vengeance for his temple.

NASB ©

Sharpen the arrows, fill the quivers! The LORD has aroused the spirit of the kings of the Medes, Because His purpose is against Babylon to destroy it; For it is the vengeance of the LORD, vengeance for His temple.

NLT ©

Sharpen the arrows! Lift up the shields! For the LORD has stirred up the spirit of the kings of the Medes to march against Babylon and destroy her. This is his vengeance against those who desecrated his Temple.

MSG ©

"Sharpen the arrows! Fill the quivers! GOD has stirred up the kings of the Medes, infecting them with war fever: 'Destroy Babylon!' GOD's on the warpath. He's out to avenge his Temple.

BBE ©

Make bright the arrows; take up the body-covers: the Lord has been moving the spirit of the king of the Medes; because his design against Babylon is its destruction: for it is the punishment from the Lord, the payment for his Temple.

NRSV ©

Sharpen the arrows! Fill the quivers! The LORD has stirred up the spirit of the kings of the Medes, because his purpose concerning Babylon is to destroy it, for that is the vengeance of the LORD, vengeance for his temple.

NKJV ©

Make the arrows bright! Gather the shields! The LORD has raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes. For His plan is against Babylon to destroy it, Because it is the vengeance of the LORD, The vengeance for His temple.


KJV
Make bright
<01305> (8685)
the arrows
<02671>_;
gather
<04390> (8798)
the shields
<07982>_:
the LORD
<03068>
hath raised up
<05782> (8689)
the spirit
<07307>
of the kings
<04428>
of the Medes
<04074>_:
for his device
<04209>
[is] against Babylon
<0894>_,
to destroy
<07843> (8687)
it; because it [is] the vengeance
<05360>
of the LORD
<03068>_,
the vengeance
<05360>
of his temple
<01964>_.
{bright: Heb. pure}
NASB ©
Sharpen
<01305>
the arrows
<02671>
, fill
<04390>
the quivers
<07982>
! The LORD
<03068>
has aroused
<05782>
the spirit
<07307>
of the kings
<04428>
of the Medes
<04074>
, Because
<03588>
His purpose
<04209>
is against
<05921>
Babylon
<0894>
to destroy
<07843>
it; For it is the vengeance
<05360>
of the LORD
<03068>
, vengeance
<05360>
for His temple
<01964>
.
HEBREW
wlkyh
<01964>
tmqn
<05360>
ayh
<01931>
hwhy
<03068>
tmqn
<05360>
yk
<03588>
htyxshl
<07843>
wtmzm
<04209>
lbb
<0894>
le
<05921>
yk
<03588>
ydm
<04074>
yklm
<04428>
xwr
<07307>
ta
<0853>
hwhy
<03068>
ryeh
<05782>
Myjlsh
<07982>
walm
<04390>
Myuxh
<02671>
wrbh (51:11)
<01305>
LXXM
(28:11) paraskeuazete
<3903
V-PAI-2P
ta
<3588
T-APN
toxeumata {N-APN} plhroute
<4137
V-PAI-2P
tav
<3588
T-APF
faretrav {N-APF} hgeiren {V-IAI-3S} kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
to
<3588
T-ASN
pneuma
<4151
N-ASN
basilewv
<935
N-GSM
mhdwn
<3370
N-GPM
oti
<3754
CONJ
eiv
<1519
PREP
babulwna
<897
N-ASF
h
<3588
T-NSF
orgh
<3709
N-NSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
tou
<3588
T-GSN
exoleyreusai {V-AAN} authn
<846
D-ASF
oti
<3754
CONJ
ekdikhsiv
<1557
N-NSF
kuriou
<2962
N-GSM
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
ekdikhsiv
<1557
N-NSF
laou
<2992
N-GSM
autou
<846
D-GSM
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
NET © [draft] ITL
“Sharpen
<01305>
your arrows
<02671>
! Fill
<04390>
your quivers
<07982>
! The Lord
<03068>
will arouse
<05782>
a spirit
<07307>
of hostility in the kings
<04428>
of Media
<04074>
. For
<03588>
he intends
<04209>
to destroy
<07843>
Babylonia
<0894>
. For
<03588>
that is how the Lord
<03068>
will get his revenge
<05360>
– how he will get his revenge
<05360>
for the Babylonians’ destruction of his temple
<01964>
.
NET ©

“Sharpen 1  your arrows! Fill your quivers! 2  The Lord will arouse a spirit of hostility in 3  the kings of Media. 4  For he intends to destroy Babylonia. For that is how the Lord will get his revenge – how he will get his revenge for the Babylonians’ destruction of his temple. 5 

NET © Notes

sn The imperatives here and in v. 12 are directed to the soldiers in the armies of the kings from the north (here identified as the kings of Media [see also 50:3, 9; 51:27-28]). They have often been addressed in this prophecy as though they were a present force (see 50:14-16; 50:21 [and the study note there]; 50:26, 29; 51:3) though the passage as a whole is prophetic of the future. This gives some idea of the ideal stance that the prophets adopted when they spoke of the future as though already past (the use of the Hebrew prophetic perfect which has been referred to often in the translator’s notes).

tn The meaning of this word is debated. The most thorough discussion of this word including etymology and usage in the OT and Qumran is in HALOT 1409-10 s.v. שֶׁלֶט, where the rendering “quiver” is accepted for all the uses of this word in the OT. For a more readily accessible discussion for English readers see W. L. Holladay, Jeremiah (Hermeneia), 2:422-23. The meaning “quiver” fits better with the verb “fill” than the meaning “shield” which is adopted in BDB 1020 s.v. שֶׁלֶט. “Quiver” is the meaning adopted also in NRSV, REB, NAB, and NJPS.

tn Heb “The Lord has stirred up the spirit of…” The verb is rendered here as a prophetic perfect. The rendering “arouse a spirit of hostility” is an attempt to render some meaning to the phrase and not simply ignore the word “spirit” as many of the modern English versions do. For a fuller discussion including cross references see the translator’s note on v. 1.

sn Media was a country in what is now northwestern Iran. At the time this prophecy was probably written they were the dominating force in the northern region, the most likely enemy to Babylon. By the time Babylon fell in 538 b.c. the Medes had been conquered and incorporated in the Persian empire by Cyrus. However, several times in the Bible this entity is known under the combined entity of Media and Persia (Esth 1:3, 4, 18, 19; 10:2; Dan 5:28; 6:8, 12, 15; 8:20). Dan 5:31 credits the capture of Babylon to Darius the Mede, which may have been another name for Cyrus or the name by which Daniel refers to a Median general named Gobryas.

tn Heb “For it is the vengeance of the Lord, vengeance for his temple.” As in the parallel passage in 50:28, the genitival construction has been expanded in the translation to clarify for the English reader what the commentaries in general agree is involved.

sn Verse 11c-f appears to be a parenthetical or editorial comment by Jeremiah to give some background for the attack which is summoned in vv. 11-12.



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