Ge 25:30; Ge 27:41; Ge 36:8; Ge 36:11,15; Nu 20:14-21; Nu 24:17,18; De 23:7; 1Ch 1:53; Job 2:11; Job 4:1; Job 5:12-14; Ps 83:4-10; Ps 137:7; Isa 19:11-13; Isa 29:14; Isa 34:1-17; Isa 63:1-6; Jer 18:18; Jer 25:9,21; Jer 49:20; Eze 25:12-14; Eze 25:13; Eze 35:1-15; Da 11:41; Joe 3:19; Am 1:11,12; Am 1:12; Ob 1:1-9; Ob 1:8; Ob 1:9; Hab 3:3; Mal 1:3,4; Ro 1:22,23
|NET © Notes||
1 tn Heb “Yahweh of armies.” See the study note on 2:19 for this title.
2 sn Edom was a kingdom to the south and east of Judah. Its borders varied over time but basically Edom lay in the hundred mile strip between the Gulf of Aqaba on the south and the Zered River on the north. It straddled the Arabah leading down from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba, having as its northern neighbors both Judah and Moab. A long history of hostility existed between Israel and Edom, making Edom one of the favorite objects of the prophets’ oracles of judgment (cf., e.g., Isa 21:11-12; 34:5-15; 63:1-6; Amos 1:11-12; Ezek 25:12-14; 35:1-15; Obad 1-16). Not much is known about Edom at this time other than the fact that they participated in the discussions regarding rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar in 594
3 sn Teman was the name of one of Esau’s descendants, the name of an Edomite clan and the name of the district where they lived (Gen 36:11, 15, 34). Like the name Bozrah, it is used poetically for all of Edom (Jer 49:20; Ezek 25:13).
4 tn Heb “Has counsel perished from men of understanding?”
5 tn The meaning of this last word is based on the definition given in KBL 668 s.v. II סָרַח Nif and HALOT 726 s.v. II סָרַח Nif, which give the nuance “to be [or become] corrupt” rather than that of BDB 710 s.v. סָרַח Niph who give the nuance “let loose (i.e., to be dismissed; to be gone)” from a verb that is elsewhere used of the overhanging of a curtains or a cliff.