Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 40:8

Context
NET ©

So 1  all these officers and their troops came to Gedaliah at Mizpah. The officers who came were Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah son of the Maacathite. 2 

NIV ©

they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah—Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of the Maacathite, and their men.

NASB ©

So they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah, along with Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah the son of the Maacathite, both they and their men.

NLT ©

So they came to see Gedaliah at Mizpah. These are the names of the leaders who came: Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan and Jonathan, sons of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, Jaazaniah son of the Maacathite, and all their men.

MSG ©

they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah: Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah son of the Maacathite, accompanied by their men.

BBE ©

Then they came to Gedaliah in Mizpah, even Ishmael, the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan, the son of Kareah, and Seraiah, the son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah, the son of the Maacathite, they and their men.

NRSV ©

they went to Gedaliah at Mizpah—Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan son of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, Jezaniah son of the Maacathite, they and their troops.

NKJV ©

then they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah––Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men.


KJV
Then they came
<0935> (8799)
to Gedaliah
<01436>
to Mizpah
<04708>_,
even Ishmael
<03458>
the son
<01121>
of Nethaniah
<05418>_,
and Johanan
<03110>
and Jonathan
<03129>
the sons
<01121>
of Kareah
<07143>_,
and Seraiah
<08304>
the son
<01121>
of Tanhumeth
<08576>_,
and the sons
<01121>
of Ephai
<05778>
the Netophathite
<05200>_,
and Jezaniah
<03153>
the son
<01121>
of a Maachathite
<04602>_,
they and their men
<0582>_.
NASB ©
So they came
<0935>
to Gedaliah
<01436>
at Mizpah
<04709>
, along with Ishmael
<03458>
the son
<01121>
of Nethaniah
<05418>
, and Johanan
<03076>
and Jonathan
<03083>
the sons
<01121>
of Kareah
<07143>
, and Seraiah
<08304>
the son
<01121>
of Tanhumeth
<08576>
, and the sons
<01121>
of Ephai
<05778>
the Netophathite
<05200>
, and Jezaniah
<03153>
the son
<01121>
of the Maacathite
<04602>
, both they and their men
<0376>
.
HEBREW
Mhysnaw
<0582>
hmh
<01992>
ytkemh
<04602>
Nb
<01121>
whynzyw
<03153>
ytpjnh
<05200>
*ypye {ypwe}
<05778>
ynbw
<01121>
tmxnt
<08576>
Nb
<01121>
hyrvw
<08304>
xrq
<07143>
ynb
<01121>
Ntnwyw
<03129>
Nnxwyw
<03110>
whyntn
<05418>
Nb
<01121>
laemsyw
<03458>
htpumh
<04708>
hyldg
<01436>
la
<0413>
wabyw (40:8)
<0935>
LXXM
(47:8) kai
<2532
CONJ
hlyen
<2064
V-AAI-3S
prov
<4314
PREP
godolian {N-ASM} eiv
<1519
PREP
masshfa {N-PRI} ismahl {N-PRI} uiov
<5207
N-NSM
nayaniou {N-GSM} kai
<2532
CONJ
iwanan {N-PRI} uiov
<5207
N-NSM
karhe {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
saraiav {N-NSM} uiov
<5207
N-NSM
yanaemey {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
uioi
<5207
N-NPM
wfe {N-PRI} tou
<3588
T-GSM
netwfati {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
iezoniav {N-NSM} uiov
<5207
N-NSM
tou
<3588
T-GSM
mocati {N-PRI} autoi
<846
D-NPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
oi
<3588
T-NPM
andrev
<435
N-NPM
autwn
<846
D-GPM
NET © [draft] ITL
So
<0935>
all these officers and their troops came
<0935>
to
<0413>
Gedaliah
<01436>
at Mizpah
<04708>
. The officers who came were
<01992>
Ishmael
<03458>
son
<01121>
of Nethaniah
<05418>
, Johanan
<03110>
and Jonathan
<03129>
the sons
<01121>
of Kareah
<07143>
, Seraiah
<08304>
son
<01121>
of Tanhumeth
<08576>
, the sons
<01121>
of Ephai
<05778>
the Netophathite
<05200>
, and Jezaniah
<03153>
son
<01121>
of the Maacathite
<04602>
.
NET ©

So 1  all these officers and their troops came to Gedaliah at Mizpah. The officers who came were Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah son of the Maacathite. 2 

NET © Notes

tn Verse 6 consists of a very long conditional clause whose main clause is found in v. 7. The text reads literally “When all the officers of the forces who were in the countryside heard, they and their men, that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah…over the land and that he had committed to him men, women, and children, even from the poorest of the land from those who had not been carried off into exile to Babylon, they came.” The sentence has been broken up to better conform with contemporary English style. The phrase “the forces who were in the countryside” has been translated to reflect the probable situation, i.e., they had escaped and were hiding in the hills surrounding Jerusalem waiting for the Babylonians to leave (cf. Judg 6:2).

sn The name of these officers is given here because some of them become important to the plot of the subsequent narrative, in particular, Ishmael and Johanan. Ishmael was a member of the royal family (41:1). He formed an alliance with the king of Ammon, assassinated Gedaliah, killed the soldiers stationed at Mizpah and many of Gedaliah’s followers, and attempted to carry off the rest of the people left at Mizpah to Ammon (40:13; 41:1-3, 10). Johanan was the leading officer who sought to stop Ishmael from killing Gedaliah (40:13-16) and who rescued the Jews that Ishmael was trying to carry off to Ammon (41:11-15). He along with another man named Jezaniah and these other officers were the leaders of the Jews who asked for Jeremiah’s advice about what they should do after Ishmael had killed Gedaliah (43:1-7).



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