Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 38:1

Context
NET ©

Now Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur, Jehucal 1  son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur 2  son of Malkijah had heard 3  the things that Jeremiah had been telling the people. They had heard him say,

NIV ©

Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur, Jehucal son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur son of Malkijah heard what Jeremiah was telling all the people when he said,

NASB ©

Now Shephatiah the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah the son of Pashhur, and Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur the son of Malchijah heard the words that Jeremiah was speaking to all the people, saying,

NLT ©

Now Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur, Jehucal son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur son of Malkijah heard what Jeremiah had been telling the people. He was saying,

MSG ©

Shaphatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashur, Jehucal son of Shelemiah, and Pashur son of Malkijah heard what Jeremiah was telling the people, namely:

BBE ©

Now it came to the ears of Shephatiah, the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah, the son of Pashhur, and Jucal, the son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur, the son of Malchiah, that Jeremiah had said to all the people,

NRSV ©

Now Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur, Jucal son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur son of Malchiah heard the words that Jeremiah was saying to all the people,

NKJV ©

Now Shephatiah the son of Mattan, Gedaliah the son of Pashhur, Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur the son of Malchiah heard the words that Jeremiah had spoken to all the people, saying,


KJV
Then Shephatiah
<08203>
the son
<01121>
of Mattan
<04977>_,
and Gedaliah
<01436>
the son
<01121>
of Pashur
<06583>_,
and Jucal
<03116>
the son
<01121>
of Shelemiah
<08018>_,
and Pashur
<06583>
the son
<01121>
of Malchiah
<04441>_,
heard
<08085> (8799)
the words
<01697>
that Jeremiah
<03414>
had spoken
<01696> (8764)
unto all the people
<05971>_,
saying
<0559> (8800)_,
NASB ©
Now Shephatiah
<08203>
the son
<01121>
of Mattan
<04977>
, and Gedaliah
<01436>
the son
<01121>
of Pashhur
<06583>
, and Jucal
<03081>
the son
<01121>
of Shelemiah
<08018>
, and Pashhur
<06583>
the son
<01121>
of Malchijah
<04441>
heard
<08085>
the words
<01697>
that Jeremiah
<03414>
was speaking
<01696>
to all
<03605>
the people
<05971>
, saying
<0559>
,
HEBREW
o
rmal
<0559>
Meh
<05971>
lk
<03605>
la
<0413>
rbdm
<01696>
whymry
<03414>
rsa
<0834>
Myrbdh
<01697>
ta
<0853>
hyklm
<04441>
Nb
<01121>
rwxspw
<06583>
whymls
<08018>
Nb
<01121>
lkwyw
<03116>
rwxsp
<06583>
Nb
<01121>
whyldgw
<01436>
Ntm
<04977>
Nb
<01121>
hyjps
<08203>
emsyw (38:1)
<08085>
LXXM
(45:1) kai
<2532
CONJ
hkousen
<191
V-AAI-3S
safatiav {N-NSM} uiov
<5207
N-NSM
mayan {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
godoliav {N-NSM} uiov
<5207
N-NSM
pascwr {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
iwacal {N-PRI} uiov
<5207
N-NSM
selemiou {N-GSM} touv
<3588
T-APM
logouv
<3056
N-APM
ouv
<3739
R-APM
elalei
<2980
V-IAI-3S
ieremiav
<2408
N-NSM
epi
<1909
PREP
ton
<3588
T-ASM
laon
<2992
N-ASM
legwn
<3004
V-PAPNS
NET © [draft] ITL
Now
<08085>
Shephatiah
<08203>
son
<01121>
of Mattan
<04977>
, Gedaliah
<01436>
son
<01121>
of Pashhur
<06583>
, Jehucal
<03116>
son
<01121>
of Shelemiah
<08018>
, and Pashhur
<06583>
son
<01121>
of Malkijah
<04441>
had heard the things
<01697>
that
<0834>
Jeremiah
<03414>
had been telling
<01696>
the people
<05971>
. They had heard him say
<0559>
,
NET ©

Now Shephatiah son of Mattan, Gedaliah son of Pashhur, Jehucal 1  son of Shelemiah, and Pashhur 2  son of Malkijah had heard 3  the things that Jeremiah had been telling the people. They had heard him say,

NET © Notes

tn The name is spelled “Jucal” in the Hebrew text here rather than “Jehucal” as in Jer 37:3. The translation uses the same spelling throughout so that the English reader can identify these as the same individual.

sn Jehucal was a member of the delegation sent to Jeremiah by Zedekiah in Jer 37:3.

sn Pashhur was a member of the delegation sent to Jeremiah in 21:2. For the relative sequence of these two delegations see the study note on 21:1.

tn J. Bright (Jeremiah [AB], 226, 30) is probably correct in translating the verbs here as pluperfects and in explaining that these words are prophecies that Jeremiah uttered before his arrest not prophecies that were being delivered to the people through intermediaries sent by Jeremiah who was confined in the courtyard of the guardhouse. For the use of the vav consecutive + imperfect to denote the pluperfect see the discussion and examples in IBHS 552-53 §33.2.3a and see the usage in Exod 4:19. The words that are cited in v. 2 are those recorded in 21:9 on the occasion of the first delegation and those in v. 3 are those recorded in 21:10; 34:2; 37:8; 32:28 all except the last delivered before Jeremiah was confined in the courtyard of the guardhouse.



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