Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 33:22

Context
NET ©

I will make the children who follow one another in the line of my servant David very numerous. I will also make the Levites who minister before me very numerous. I will make them all as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sands which are on the seashore.’” 1 

NIV ©

I will make the descendants of David my servant and the Levites who minister before me as countless as the stars of the sky and as measureless as the sand on the seashore.’"

NASB ©

‘As the host of heaven cannot be counted and the sand of the sea cannot be measured, so I will multiply the descendants of David My servant and the Levites who minister to Me.’"

NLT ©

And as the stars cannot be counted and the sand on the seashores cannot be measured, so I will multiply the descendants of David, my servant, and the Levites who minister before me."

MSG ©

Just as you can't number the stars in the sky nor measure the sand on the seashore, neither will you be able to account for the descendants of David my servant and the Levites who serve me.'"

BBE ©

As it is not possible for the army of heaven to be numbered, or the sand of the sea measured, so will I make the seed of my servant David, and the Levites my servants.

NRSV ©

Just as the host of heaven cannot be numbered and the sands of the sea cannot be measured, so I will increase the offspring of my servant David, and the Levites who minister to me.

NKJV ©

‘As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, nor the sand of the sea measured, so will I multiply the descendants of David My servant and the Levites who minister to Me.’"


KJV
As the host
<06635>
of heaven
<08064>
cannot be numbered
<05608> (8735)_,
neither the sand
<02344>
of the sea
<03220>
measured
<04058> (8735)_:
so will I multiply
<07235> (8686)
the seed
<02233>
of David
<01732>
my servant
<05650>_,
and the Levites
<03881>
that minister
<08334> (8764)
unto me.
NASB ©
'As the host
<06635>
of heaven
<08064>
cannot
<03808>
be counted
<05608>
and the sand
<02344>
of the sea
<03220>
cannot
<03808>
be measured
<04058>
, so
<03651>
I will multiply
<07235>
the descendants
<02233>
of David
<01732>
My servant
<05650>
and the Levites
<03881>
who minister
<08334>
to Me.'"
HEBREW
o
yta
<0853>
ytrsm
<08334>
Mywlh
<03881>
taw
<0853>
ydbe
<05650>
dwd
<01732>
erz
<02233>
ta
<0853>
hbra
<07235>
Nk
<03651>
Myh
<03220>
lwx
<02344>
dmy
<04058>
alw
<03808>
Mymsh
<08064>
abu
<06635>
rpoy
<05608>
al
<03808>
rsa (33:22)
<0834>
LXXM
NET © [draft] ITL
I
<03651>
will make
<07235>
the children
<02233>
who follow one another in the line of my servant
<05650>
David
<01732>
very numerous. I
<07235>
will also make
<07235>
the
<0853>
Levites
<03881>
who minister
<08334>
before me very numerous
<07235>
. I will make
<07235>
them all as numerous
<07235>
as the stars in the sky
<08064>
and as the sands
<04058>
which are on the seashore
<03220>
.’”
NET ©

I will make the children who follow one another in the line of my servant David very numerous. I will also make the Levites who minister before me very numerous. I will make them all as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sands which are on the seashore.’” 1 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “Just as the stars in the sky cannot be numbered or the sand on the seashore cannot be measured, so I will greatly increase [or multiply] the seed of my servant David and the Levites who minister before me.” The word “seed of” does not carry over to the “the Levites” as a noun governing two genitives because “the Levites” has the accusative marker in front of it. The sentence has been broken down in conformity with contemporary English style.

sn Context makes it clear that what is in view is an innumerable line of descendants from the righteous ruler that the Lord raises up over Israel and Judah after their regathering and restoration to the land. What is in view, then, is a reinstitution or reinstatement of the Davidic covenant of grant, the perpetual right of the Davidic dynasty to rule over the nation of Israel for all time (see also v. 26). This is guaranteed by the creation order which is the object of both God’s creative decree (Gen 1:14-19) and his covenant with Noah after the flood (Gen 8:22). (For further discussion on the nature of a covenant of grant see the study note on 32:40.) The rejection of the lines of Jehoiakim (36:30) and Jeconiah (22:30) and the certain captivity and death of Zedekiah (32:4) may have called into question the continuance of the Davidic promise which always had a certain conditional nature to it (cf. 1 Kgs 2:4; 8:25; 9:5). This promise and this guarantee show that the covenant of grant still stands and will ultimately find its fulfillment. Because this promise never found its fulfillment after the return from exile, it is left to the NT to show how it is fulfilled (cf., e.g., Matt 1:1-17 where it is emphasized that Jesus is the son (and heir) of both Abraham and David).



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