How long will you vacillate, 1 you who were once like an unfaithful daughter? 2 For I, the Lord, promise 3 to bring about something new 4 on the earth, something as unique as a woman protecting a man!’” 5
How long will you wander, O unfaithful daughter? The LORD will create a new thing on earth—a woman will surround a man."
"How long will you go here and there, O faithless daughter? For the LORD has created a new thing in the earth— A woman will encompass a man."
How long will you wander, my wayward daughter? For the LORD will cause something new and different to happen––Israel will embrace her God."
How long will you flit here and there, indecisive? How long before you make up your fickle mind? GOD will create a new thing in this land: A transformed woman will embrace the transforming GOD!"
How long will you go on turning this way and that, O wandering daughter? for the Lord has made a new thing on the earth, a woman changed into a man.
How long will you waver, O faithless daughter? For the LORD has created a new thing on the earth: a woman encompasses a man.
How long will you gad about, O you backsliding daughter? For the LORD has created a new thing in the earth––A woman shall encompass a man."
How long wilt thou go about
O thou backsliding
for the LORD
a new thing
in the earth
|NET © [draft] ITL|
will you vacillate
, you who were once like an unfaithful daughter
, the Lord
about something new
on the earth
, something as unique as a woman
|NET © Notes||
1 tn The translation “dilly-dally” is suggested by J. Bright, Jeremiah (AB), 276. The verb occurs only here in this stem (the Hitpael) and only one other time in any other stem (the Qal in Song 5:6). The dictionaries define it as “to turn this way and that” (cf., e.g., BDB 330 s.v. חָמַק Hithp.). In the context it refers to turning this way and that looking for the way back.
2 sn Israel’s backsliding is forgotten and forgiven. They had once been characterized as an apostate people (3:14, 22; the word “apostate” and “unfaithful” are the same in Hebrew) and figuratively depicted as an adulterous wife (3:20). Now they are viewed as having responded to his invitation (compare 31:18-19 with 3:22-25). Hence they are no longer depicted as an unfaithful daughter but as an unsullied virgin (see the literal translation of “my dear children” in vv. 4, 21 and the study note on v. 4.)
3 tn Heb “For the
4 sn Heb “create.” This word is always used with God as the subject and refers to the production of something new or unique, like the creation of the world and the first man and woman (Gen 1:1; 2:3; 1:27; 5:1) or the creation of a new heavens and a new earth in a new age (Isa 65:17), or the bringing about of new and unique circumstances (Num 16:30). Here reference is made contextually to the new exodus, that marvelous deliverance which will be so great that the old will pale in comparison (see the first note on v. 9).
5 tn The meaning of this last line is uncertain. The translation has taken it as proverbial for something new and unique. For a fairly complete discussion of most of the options see C. Feinberg, “Jeremiah,” EBC 6:571. For the nuance of “protecting” for the verb here see BDB 686 s.v. סָבַב Po‘ 1 and compare the usage in Deut 32:10.