Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 22:13

Context
NETBible

“‘Sure to be judged 1  is the king who builds his palace using injustice and treats people unfairly while adding its upper rooms. 2  He makes his countrymen work for him for nothing. He does not pay them for their labor.

XREF

Le 19:13; De 24:14,15; 2Ki 23:35-37; 2Ch 36:4; Job 24:10,11; Jer 22:18; Mic 3:10; Hab 2:9-11; Mal 3:5; Jas 5:4

NET © Notes

sn Heb “Woe.” This particle is used in laments for the dead (cf., e.g., 1 Kgs 13:30; Jer 34:5) and as an introductory particle in indictments against a person on whom judgment is pronounced (cf., e.g., Isa 5:8, 11; Jer 23:1). The indictment is found here in vv. 13-17 and the announcement of judgment in vv. 18-19.

tn Heb “Woe to the one who builds his house by unrighteousness and its upper rooms with injustice using his neighbor [= countryman] as a slave for nothing and not giving to him his wages.”

sn This was a clear violation of covenant law (cf. Deut 24:14-15) and a violation of the requirements set forth in Jer 22:3. The allusion is to Jehoiakim who is not mentioned until v. 18. He was placed on the throne by Pharaoh Necho and ruled from 609-598 b.c. He became a vassal of Nebuchadnezzar but rebelled against him, bringing about the siege of 597 b.c. in which his son and many of the Judean leaders were carried off to Babylon (2 Kgs 23:34–24:16). He was a wicked king according to the author of the book of Kings (2 Kgs 23:37). He had Uriah the prophet killed (Jer 26:23) and showed no regard for Jeremiah’s prophecies, destroying the scroll containing them (Jer 36:23) and ordering Jeremiah’s arrest (Jer 36:23).



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