Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 15:3

Context
NET ©

“I will punish them in four different ways: I will have war kill them. I will have dogs drag off their dead bodies. I will have birds and wild beasts devour and destroy their corpses. 1 

NIV ©

"I will send four kinds of destroyers against them," declares the LORD, "the sword to kill and the dogs to drag away and the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth to devour and destroy.

NASB ©

"I will appoint over them four kinds of doom," declares the LORD: "the sword to slay, the dogs to drag off, and the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth to devour and destroy.

NLT ©

"I will send four kinds of destroyers against them," says the LORD. "I will send the sword to kill, the dogs to drag away, the vultures to devour, and the wild animals to finish up what is left.

MSG ©

"I've arranged for four kinds of punishment: death in battle, the corpses dropped off by killer dogs, the rest picked clean by vultures, the bones gnawed by hyenas.

BBE ©

And I will put over them four divisions, says the Lord: the sword causing death, dogs pulling the dead bodies about, and the birds of heaven, and the beasts of the earth to take their bodies for food and put an end to them.

NRSV ©

And I will appoint over them four kinds of destroyers, says the LORD: the sword to kill, the dogs to drag away, and the birds of the air and the wild animals of the earth to devour and destroy.

NKJV ©

"And I will appoint over them four forms of destruction ," says the LORD: "the sword to slay, the dogs to drag, the birds of the heavens and the beasts of the earth to devour and destroy.


KJV
And I will appoint
<06485> (8804)
over them four
<0702>
kinds
<04940>_,
saith
<05002> (8803)
the LORD
<03068>_:
the sword
<02719>
to slay
<02026> (8800)_,
and the dogs
<03611>
to tear
<05498> (8800)_,
and the fowls
<05775>
of the heaven
<08064>_,
and the beasts
<0929>
of the earth
<0776>_,
to devour
<0398> (8800)
and destroy
<07843> (8687)_.
{kinds: Heb. families}
NASB ©
"I will appoint
<06485>
over
<05921>
them four
<0702>
kinds
<04940>
of doom," declares
<05002>
the LORD
<03068>
: "the sword
<02719>
to slay
<02026>
, the dogs
<03611>
to drag
<05498>
off, and the birds
<05775>
of the sky
<08064>
and the beasts
<0929>
of the earth
<0776>
to devour
<0398>
and destroy
<07843>
.
HEBREW
tyxshlw
<07843>
lkal
<0398>
Urah
<0776>
tmhb
<0929>
taw
<0853>
Mymsh
<08064>
Pwe
<05775>
taw
<0853>
bxol
<05498>
Myblkh
<03611>
taw
<0853>
grhl
<02026>
brxh
<02719>
ta
<0853>
hwhy
<03068>
Man
<05002>
twxpsm
<04940>
ebra
<0702>
Mhyle
<05921>
ytdqpw (15:3)
<06485>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ekdikhsw
<1556
V-FAI-1S
ep
<1909
PREP
autouv
<846
D-APM
tessara
<5064
A-APN
eidh
<1491
N-APN
legei
<3004
V-PAI-3S
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
thn
<3588
T-ASF
macairan
<3162
N-ASF
eiv
<1519
PREP
sfaghn
<4967
N-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
touv
<3588
T-APM
kunav
<2965
N-APM
eiv
<1519
PREP
diaspasmon {N-ASM} kai
<2532
CONJ
ta
<3588
T-APN
yhria
<2342
N-APN
thv
<3588
T-GSF
ghv
<1065
N-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
ta
<3588
T-APN
peteina
<4071
N-APN
tou
<3588
T-GSM
ouranou
<3772
N-GSM
eiv
<1519
PREP
brwsin
<1035
N-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
eiv
<1519
PREP
diafyoran
<1312
N-ASF
NET © [draft] ITL
“I will punish
<06485>
them in
<05921>
four
<0702>
different ways
<04940>
: I will have war
<02719>
kill
<02026>
them. I will have dogs
<03611>
drag off
<05498>
their dead bodies. I will have birds
<08064>
and wild
<0776>
beasts
<0929>
devour
<0398>
and destroy
<07843>
their corpses.
NET ©

“I will punish them in four different ways: I will have war kill them. I will have dogs drag off their dead bodies. I will have birds and wild beasts devour and destroy their corpses. 1 

NET © Notes

tn The translation attempts to render in understandable English some rather unusual uses of terms here. The verb translated “punish” is often used that way (cf. BDB 823 s.v. פָּקַד Qal.A.3 and compare usage in Jer 11:22, 13:21). However, here it is accompanied by a direct object and a preposition meaning “over” which is usually used in the sense of appointing someone over someone (cf. BDB 823 s.v. פָּקַד Qal.B.1 and compare usage in Jer 51:27). Moreover the word translated “different ways” normally refers to “families,” “clans,” or “guilds” (cf. BDB 1046-47 s.v. מִשְׁפָּחָה for usage). Hence the four things mentioned are referred to figuratively as officers or agents into whose power the Lord consigns them. The Hebrew text reads: “I will appoint over them four guilds, the sword to kill, the dogs to drag away, the birds of the skies and the beasts of the earth to devour and to destroy.”



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