Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 11:13

Context
NET ©

This is in spite of the fact that 1  the people of Judah have as many gods as they have towns 2  and the citizens of Jerusalem have set up as many altars to sacrifice to that disgusting god, Baal, as they have streets in the city!’ 3 

NIV ©

You have as many gods as you have towns, O Judah; and the altars you have set up to burn incense to that shameful god Baal are as many as the streets of Jerusalem.’

NASB ©

"For your gods are as many as your cities, O Judah; and as many as the streets of Jerusalem are the altars you have set up to the shameful thing, altars to burn incense to Baal.

NLT ©

Look now, people of Judah, you have as many gods as there are cities and towns. Your altars of shame––altars for burning incense to your god Baal––are along every street in Jerusalem.

MSG ©

You've got as many gods as you have villages, Judah! And you've got enough altars for sacrifices to that impotent sex god Baal to put one on every street corner in Jerusalem!"

BBE ©

For the number of your gods is as the number of your towns, O Judah; and for every street in Jerusalem you have put up altars to the Baal for burning perfumes to the Baal.

NRSV ©

For your gods have become as many as your towns, O Judah; and as many as the streets of Jerusalem are the altars you have set up to shame, altars to make offerings to Baal.

NKJV ©

"For according to the number of your cities were your gods, O Judah; and according to the number of the streets of Jerusalem you have set up altars to that shameful thing, altars to burn incense to Baal.


KJV
For [according to] the number
<04557>
of thy cities
<05892>
were thy gods
<0430>_,
O Judah
<03063>_;
and [according to] the number
<04557>
of the streets
<02351>
of Jerusalem
<03389>
have ye set up
<07760> (8804)
altars
<04196>
to [that] shameful thing
<01322>_,
[even] altars
<04196>
to burn incense
<06999> (8763)
unto Baal
<01168>_.
{shameful...: Heb. shame}
NASB ©
"For your gods
<0430>
are as many
<04557>
as your cities
<05892>
, O Judah
<03063>
; and as many
<04557>
as the streets
<02351>
of Jerusalem
<03389>
are the altars
<04196>
you have set
<07760>
up to the shameful
<01322>
thing
<01322>
, altars
<04196>
to burn
<06999>
incense
<06999>
to Baal
<01168>
.
HEBREW
o
lebl
<01168>
rjql
<06999>
twxbzm
<04196>
tsbl
<01322>
twxbzm
<04196>
Mtmv
<07760>
Mlswry
<03389>
twux
<02351>
rpomw
<04557>
hdwhy
<03063>
Kyhla
<0430>
wyh
<01961>
Kyre
<05892>
rpom
<04557>
yk (11:13)
<03588>
LXXM
oti
<3754
CONJ
kat
<2596
PREP
ariymon
<706
N-ASM
twn
<3588
T-GPF
polewn
<4172
N-GPF
sou
<4771
P-GS
hsan
<1510
V-IAI-3P
yeoi
<2316
N-NPM
sou
<4771
P-GS
iouda
<2448
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
kat
<2596
PREP
ariymon
<706
N-ASM
exodwn
<1841
N-GPF
thv
<3588
T-GSF
ierousalhm
<2419
N-PRI
etaxate
<5021
V-AAI-2P
bwmouv
<1041
N-APM
yumian
<2370
V-PAN
th
<3588
T-DSF
baal
<896
N-PRI
NET © [draft] ITL
This
<03588>
is in spite of the fact
<04557>
that
<03588>
the people of Judah
<03063>
have as many
<04557>
gods
<0430>
as they have towns and the citizens of Jerusalem
<03389>
have set
<07760>
up as many
<04557>
altars
<04196>
to sacrifice
<06999>
to that disgusting
<01322>
god, Baal
<01168>
, as they have streets
<02351>
in the city
<05892>
!’
NET ©

This is in spite of the fact that 1  the people of Judah have as many gods as they have towns 2  and the citizens of Jerusalem have set up as many altars to sacrifice to that disgusting god, Baal, as they have streets in the city!’ 3 

NET © Notes

tn This is again an attempt to render the Hebrew particle כִּי (ki) contextually. The nuance is a little hard to establish due to the nature of the rhetoric of the passage which utilizes the figure of apostrophe where the Lord turns from talking about Judah to addressing her directly, probably in condemnatory tones. Something like “the very idea that you should…” might best represent the mood. The כִּי is probably asseverative or intensive (cf. BDB 472 s.v. כִּי 1.e).

sn Cf. Jer 2:28.

tn Heb “For [or Indeed] the number of your [sing.] cities are your [sing.] gods, Judah, and the number of the streets of Jerusalem [or perhaps (your) streets, Jerusalem] you [plur.] have set up altars to the shameful thing, altars to sacrifice to Baal.” This passage involves a figure of speech where the speaker turns from describing something about someone to addressing him/her directly (a figure called apostrophe). This figure is not common in contemporary English literature or conversation and translating literally would lead to confusion on the part of some readers. Hence, the translation retains the third person in keeping with the rest of the context. The shift from singular “your cities” to plural “you have set up” is interpreted contextually to refer to a shift in addressing Judah to addressing the citizens of Jerusalem whose streets are being talked about. The appositional clause, “altars to sacrifice to Baal” has been collapsed with the preceding clause to better identify what the shameful thing is and to eliminate a complex construction. The length of this sentence runs contrary to the usual practice of breaking up long complex sentences in Hebrew into shorter equivalent ones in English. However, breaking up this sentence and possibly losing the connecting link with the preceding used to introduce it might lead to misunderstanding.



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