Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Isaiah 9:20

Context
NET ©

They devoured 1  on the right, but were still hungry, they ate on the left, but were not satisfied. People even ate 2  the flesh of their own arm! 3 

NIV ©

On the right they will devour, but still be hungry; on the left they will eat, but not be satisfied. Each will feed on the flesh of his own offspring:

NASB ©

They slice off what is on the right hand but still are hungry, And they eat what is on the left hand but they are not satisfied; Each of them eats the flesh of his own arm.

NLT ©

They fight against their own neighbors to steal food, but they will still be hungry. In the end they will even eat their own children.

MSG ©

Appetites insatiable, stuffing and gorging themselves left and right with people and things. But still they starved. Not even their children were safe from their rapacious hunger.

BBE ©

On the right a man was cutting off bits and was still in need; on the left a man took a meal but had not enough; no man had pity on his brother; every man was making a meal of the flesh of his neighbour.

NRSV ©

They gorged on the right, but still were hungry, and they devoured on the left, but were not satisfied; they devoured the flesh of their own kindred;

NKJV ©

And he shall snatch on the right hand And be hungry; He shall devour on the left hand And not be satisfied; Every man shall eat the flesh of his own arm.


KJV
And he shall snatch
<01504> (8799)
on the right hand
<03225>_,
and be hungry
<07457>_;
and he shall eat
<0398> (8799)
on the left hand
<08040>_,
and they shall not be satisfied
<07646> (8804)_:
they shall eat
<0398> (8799)
every man
<0376>
the flesh
<01320>
of his own arm
<02220>_:
{snatch: Heb cut}
NASB ©
They slice
<01504>
off
<01504>
what is on the right
<03225>
hand
<03225>
but still are hungry
<07456>
, And they eat
<0398>
what is on the left
<08040>
hand
<08040>
but they are not satisfied
<07646>
; Each
<0376>
of them eats
<0398>
the flesh
<01320>
of his own arm
<02220>
.
HEBREW
wlkay
<0398>
werz
<02220>
rvb
<01320>
sya
<0376>
webv
<07646>
alw
<03808>
lwamv
<08040>
le
<05921>
lkayw
<0398>
berw
<07456>
Nymy
<03225>
le
<05921>
rzgyw
<01504>
(9:20)
<9:19>
LXXM
(9:19) alla
<235
CONJ
ekklinei
<1578
V-FAI-3S
eiv
<1519
PREP
ta
<3588
T-APN
dexia
<1188
A-APN
oti
<3754
CONJ
peinasei
<3983
V-FAI-3S
kai
<2532
CONJ
fagetai
<2068
V-FMI-3S
ek
<1537
PREP
twn
<3588
T-GPM
aristerwn
<710
A-GPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ou
<3364
ADV
mh
<3165
ADV
emplhsyh {V-APS-3S} anyrwpov
<444
N-NSM
esywn
<2068
V-PAPNS
tav
<3588
T-APF
sarkav
<4561
N-APF
tou
<3588
T-GSM
bracionov
<1023
N-GSM
autou
<846
D-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
They devoured
<01504>
on
<05921>
the right
<03225>
, but were still hungry
<07456>
, they ate
<0398>
on
<05921>
the left
<08040>
, but were not
<03808>
satisfied
<07646>
. People
<0376>
even ate
<0398>
the flesh
<01320>
of their own arm
<02220>
!
NET ©

They devoured 1  on the right, but were still hungry, they ate on the left, but were not satisfied. People even ate 2  the flesh of their own arm! 3 

NET © Notes

tn Or “cut.” The verb גָּזַר (gazar) means “to cut.” If it is understood here, then one might paraphrase, “They slice off meat on the right.” However, HALOT 187 s.v. I גזר, proposes here a rare homonym meaning “to devour.”

tn The prefixed verbal form is either a preterite without vav consecutive or an imperfect used in a customary sense, describing continual or repeated behavior in past time.

tn Some suggest that זְרֹעוֹ (zÿroo, “his arm”) be repointed זַרְעוֹ (zaro, “his offspring”). In either case, the metaphor is that of a desperately hungry man who resorts to an almost unthinkable act to satisfy his appetite. He eats everything he can find to his right, but still being unsatisfied, then turns to his left and eats everything he can find there. Still being desperate for food, he then resorts to eating his own flesh (or offspring, as this phrase is metaphorically understood by some English versions, e.g., NIV, NCV, TEV, NLT). The reality behind the metaphor is the political turmoil of the period, as the next verse explains. There was civil strife within the northern kingdom; even the descendants of Joseph were at each other’s throats. Then the northern kingdom turned on their southern brother, Judah.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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