Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Isaiah 53:9

Context
NET ©

They intended to bury him with criminals, 1  but he ended up in a rich man’s tomb, 2  because 3  he had committed no violent deeds, nor had he spoken deceitfully.

NIV ©

He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.

NASB ©

His grave was assigned with wicked men, Yet He was with a rich man in His death, Because He had done no violence, Nor was there any deceit in His mouth.

NLT ©

He had done no wrong, and he never deceived anyone. But he was buried like a criminal; he was put in a rich man’s grave.

MSG ©

They buried him with the wicked, threw him in a grave with a rich man, Even though he'd never hurt a soul or said one word that wasn't true.

BBE ©

And they put his body into the earth with sinners, and his last resting-place was with the evil-doers, though he had done no wrong, and no deceit was in his mouth.

NRSV ©

They made his grave with the wicked and his tomb with the rich, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth.

NKJV ©

And they made His grave with the wicked––But with the rich at His death, Because He had done no violence, Nor was any deceit in His mouth.


KJV
And he made
<05414> (8799)
his grave
<06913>
with the wicked
<07563>_,
and with the rich
<06223>
in his death
<04194>_;
because he had done
<06213> (8804)
no violence
<02555>_,
neither [was any] deceit
<04820>
in his mouth
<06310>_.
{death: Heb. deaths}
NASB ©
His grave
<06913>
was assigned
<05414>
with wicked
<07563>
men
<07563>
, Yet He was with a rich
<06223>
man
<06223>
in His death
<04194>
, Because
<05921>
He had done
<06213>
no
<03808>
violence
<02555>
, Nor
<03808>
was there any deceit
<04820>
in His mouth
<06310>
.
HEBREW
wypb
<06310>
hmrm
<04820>
alw
<03808>
hve
<06213>
omx
<02555>
al
<03808>
le
<05921>
wytmb
<04194>
ryse
<06223>
taw
<0854>
wrbq
<06913>
Myesr
<07563>
ta
<0854>
Ntyw (53:9)
<05414>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
dwsw
<1325
V-FAI-1S
touv
<3588
T-APM
ponhrouv
<4190
A-APM
anti
<473
PREP
thv
<3588
T-GSF
tafhv
<5027
N-GSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
touv
<3588
T-APM
plousiouv
<4145
A-APM
anti
<473
PREP
tou
<3588
T-GSM
yanatou
<2288
N-GSM
autou
<846
D-GSM
oti
<3754
CONJ
anomian
<458
N-ASF
ouk
<3364
ADV
epoihsen
<4160
V-AAI-3S
oude
<3761
CONJ
eureyh
<2147
V-API-3S
dolov
<1388
N-NSM
en
<1722
PREP
tw
<3588
T-DSN
stomati
<4750
N-DSN
autou
<846
D-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
They intended to bury
<05414>
him with criminals
<0854>
, criminals
<07563>
, but he ended up in a rich
<06223>
man’s tomb
<06913>
, because
<05921>
he had committed no
<03808>
violent
<02555>
deeds, nor
<03808>
had he spoken
<06310>
deceitfully
<04820>
.
NET ©

They intended to bury him with criminals, 1  but he ended up in a rich man’s tomb, 2  because 3  he had committed no violent deeds, nor had he spoken deceitfully.

NET © Notes

tn Heb “one assigned his grave with criminals.” The subject of the singular is impersonal; English typically uses “they” in such constructions.

tn This line reads literally, “and with the rich in his death.” בְּמֹתָיו (bÿmotayv) combines a preposition, a plural form of the noun מוֹת (mot), and a third masculine singular suffix. The plural of the noun is problematic and the יו may be the result of virtual dittography. The form should probably be emended to בָּמָתוֹ (bamato, singular noun). The relationship between this line and the preceding one is uncertain. The parallelism appears to be synonymous (note “his grave” and “in his death”), but “criminals” and “the rich” hardly make a compatible pair in this context, for they would not be buried in the same kind of tomb. Some emend עָשִׁיר (’ashir, “rich”) to עָשֵׂי רָע (’ase ra’, “doers of evil”) but the absence of the ayin (ע) is not readily explained in this graphic environment. Others suggest an emendation to שְׂעִירִים (sÿirim, “he-goats, demons”), but the meaning in this case is not entirely transparent and the proposal assumes that the form suffered from both transposition and the inexplicable loss of a final mem. Still others relate עָשִׁיר (’ashir) to an alleged Arabic cognate meaning “mob.” See HALOT 896 s.v. עָשִׁיר. Perhaps the parallelism is antithetical, rather than synonymous. In this case, the point is made that the servant’s burial in a rich man’s tomb, in contrast to a criminal’s burial, was appropriate, for he had done nothing wrong.

tn If the second line is antithetical, then עַל (’al) is probably causal here, explaining why the servant was buried in a rich man’s tomb, rather than that of criminal. If the first two lines are synonymous, then עַל is probably concessive: “even though….”



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