Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Isaiah 51:16

Context
NET ©

I commission you 1  as my spokesman; 2  I cover you with the palm of my hand, 3  to establish 4  the sky and to found the earth, to say to Zion, ‘You are my people.’” 5 

NIV ©

I have put my words in your mouth and covered you with the shadow of my hand—I who set the heavens in place, who laid the foundations of the earth, and who say to Zion, ‘You are my people.’"

NASB ©

"I have put My words in your mouth and have covered you with the shadow of My hand, to establish the heavens, to found the earth, and to say to Zion, ‘You are My people.’"

NLT ©

And I have put my words in your mouth and hidden you safely within my hand. I set all the stars in space and established the earth. I am the one who says to Israel, ‘You are mine!’"

MSG ©

I teach you how to talk, word by word, and personally watch over you, Even while I'm unfurling the skies, setting earth on solid foundations, and greeting Zion: 'Welcome, my people!'"

BBE ©

And I have put my words in your mouth, covering you with the shade of my hand, stretching out the heavens, and placing the earth on its base, and saying to Zion, You are my people.

NRSV ©

I have put my words in your mouth, and hidden you in the shadow of my hand, stretching out the heavens and laying the foundations of the earth, and saying to Zion, "You are my people."

NKJV ©

And I have put My words in your mouth; I have covered you with the shadow of My hand, That I may plant the heavens, Lay the foundations of the earth, And say to Zion, ‘You are My people.’"


KJV
And I have put
<07760> (8799)
my words
<01697>
in thy mouth
<06310>_,
and I have covered
<03680> (8765)
thee in the shadow
<06738>
of mine hand
<03027>_,
that I may plant
<05193> (8800)
the heavens
<08064>_,
and lay the foundations
<03245> (8800)
of the earth
<0776>_,
and say
<0559> (8800)
unto Zion
<06726>_,
Thou [art] my people
<05971>_.
NASB ©
"I have put
<07760>
My words
<01697>
in your mouth
<06310>
and have covered
<03680>
you with the shadow
<06738>
of My hand
<03027>
, to establish
<05193>
the heavens
<08064>
, to found
<03245>
the earth
<0776>
, and to say
<0559>
to Zion
<06726>
, 'You are My people
<05971>
.'"
HEBREW
o
hta
<0859>
yme
<05971>
Nwyul
<06726>
rmalw
<0559>
Ura
<0776>
doylw
<03245>
Myms
<08064>
ejnl
<05193>
Kytyok
<03680>
ydy
<03027>
lubw
<06738>
Kypb
<06310>
yrbd
<01697>
Myvaw (51:16)
<07760>
LXXM
yhsw
<5087
V-FAI-1S
touv
<3588
T-APM
logouv
<3056
N-APM
mou
<1473
P-GS
eiv
<1519
PREP
to
<3588
T-ASN
stoma
<4750
N-ASN
sou
<4771
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
upo
<5259
PREP
thn
<3588
T-ASF
skian
<4639
N-ASF
thv
<3588
T-GSF
ceirov
<5495
N-GSF
mou
<1473
P-GS
skepasw {V-FAI-1S} se
<4771
P-AS
en
<1722
PREP
h
<3739
R-DSF
esthsa
<2476
V-AAI-1S
ton
<3588
T-ASM
ouranon
<3772
N-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
eyemeliwsa
<2311
V-AAI-1S
thn
<3588
T-ASF
ghn
<1065
N-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
erei {V-FAI-3S} siwn
<4622
N-PRI
laov
<2992
N-NSM
mou
<1473
P-GS
ei
<1510
V-PAI-2S
su
<4771
P-NS
NET © [draft] ITL
I commission
<07760>
you as my spokesman
<06310>
; I cover
<03680>
you with the palm
<06738>
of my hand
<03027>
, to establish
<05193>
the sky
<08064>
and to found
<03245>
the earth
<0776>
, to say
<0559>
to Zion
<06726>
, ‘You
<0859>
are my people
<05971>
.’”
NET ©

I commission you 1  as my spokesman; 2  I cover you with the palm of my hand, 3  to establish 4  the sky and to found the earth, to say to Zion, ‘You are my people.’” 5 

NET © Notes

tn The addressee (second masculine singular, as in vv. 13, 15) in this verse is unclear. The exiles are addressed in the immediately preceding verses (note the critical tone of vv. 12-13 and the reference to the exiles in v. 14). However, it seems unlikely that they are addressed in v. 16, for the addressee appears to be commissioned to tell Zion, who here represents the restored exiles, “you are my people.” The addressee is distinct from the exiles. The language of v. 16a is reminiscent of 49:2 and 50:4, where the Lord’s special servant says he is God’s spokesman and effective instrument. Perhaps the Lord, having spoken to the exiles in vv. 1-15, now responds to this servant, who spoke just prior to this in 50:4-11.

tn Heb “I place my words in your mouth.”

tn Heb “with the shadow of my hand.”

tc The Hebrew text has לִנְטֹעַ (lintoa’, “to plant”). Several scholars prefer to emend this form to לִנְטֹת (lintot) from נָטָה (natah, “to stretch out”); see v. 13, as well as 40:22; 42:5; 44:24; 45:12; cf. NAB, NCV, NRSV. However, since the Qumran scroll 1QIsaa, LXX (and Aquila and Symmachus), and Vulgate support the MT reading, there is no need to emend the form. The interpretation is clear enough: Yahweh fixed the sky in its place.

tn The infinitives in v. 16b are most naturally understood as indicating the purpose of the divine actions described in v. 16a. The relationship of the third infinitive to the commission is clear enough – the Lord has made the addressee (his special servant?) his spokesman so that the latter might speak encouraging words to those in Zion. But how do the first two infinitives relate? The text seems to indicate that the Lord has commissioned the addressee so that the latter might create the universe! Perhaps creation imagery is employed metaphorically here to refer to the transformation that Jerusalem will experience (see 65:17-18).



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