Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Isaiah 40:14

Context
NET ©

From whom does he receive directions? 1  Who 2  teaches him the correct way to do things, 3  or imparts knowledge to him, or instructs him in skillful design? 4 

NIV ©

Whom did the LORD consult to enlighten him, and who taught him the right way? Who was it that taught him knowledge or showed him the path of understanding?

NASB ©

With whom did He consult and who gave Him understanding? And who taught Him in the path of justice and taught Him knowledge And informed Him of the way of understanding?

NLT ©

Has the LORD ever needed anyone’s advice? Does he need instruction about what is good or what is best?

MSG ©

What expert would he have gone to for advice, what school would he attend to learn justice? What god do you suppose might have taught him what he knows, showed him how things work?

BBE ©

Who gave him suggestions, and made clear to him the right way? who gave him knowledge, guiding him in the way of wisdom?

NRSV ©

Whom did he consult for his enlightenment, and who taught him the path of justice? Who taught him knowledge, and showed him the way of understanding?

NKJV ©

With whom did He take counsel, and who instructed Him, And taught Him in the path of justice? Who taught Him knowledge, And showed Him the way of understanding?


KJV
With whom took he counsel
<03289> (8738)_,
and [who] instructed
<0995> (8799)
him, and taught
<03925> (8762)
him in the path
<0734>
of judgment
<04941>_,
and taught
<03925> (8762)
him knowledge
<01847>_,
and shewed
<03045> (8686)
to him the way
<01870>
of understanding
<08394>_?
{instructed...: Heb. made him understand} {understanding: Heb. understandings?}
NASB ©
With whom
<04310>
did He consult
<03289>
and who gave
<0995>
Him understanding
<0995>
? And who taught
<03925>
Him in the path
<0734>
of justice
<04941>
and taught
<03925>
Him knowledge
<01847>
And informed
<03045>
Him of the way
<01870>
of understanding
<08394>
?
HEBREW
wneydwy
<03045>
twnwbt
<08394>
Krdw
<01870>
ted
<01847>
whdmlyw
<03925>
jpsm
<04941>
xrab
<0734>
whdmlyw
<03925>
whnybyw
<0995>
Uewn
<03289>
ym
<04310>
ta (40:14)
<0854>
LXXM
h
<2228
CONJ
prov
<4314
PREP
tina
<5100
I-ASM
sunebouleusato
<4823
V-AMI-3S
kai
<2532
CONJ
sunebibasen
<4822
V-AAI-3S
auton
<846
D-ASM
h
<2228
CONJ
tiv
<5100
I-NSM
edeixen
<1166
V-AAI-3S
autw
<846
D-DSM
krisin
<2920
N-ASF
h
<2228
CONJ
odon
<3598
N-ASF
sunesewv
<4907
N-GSF
tiv
<5100
I-NSM
edeixen
<1166
V-AAI-3S
autw
<846
D-DSM
NET © [draft] ITL
From whom
<04310>
does he receive directions
<0995>
? Who teaches
<03925>
him the correct
<04941>
way
<0734>
to do things, or imparts
<03925>
knowledge
<01847>
to him, or instructs
<01870>
him in skillful
<08394>
design
<03045>
?
NET ©

From whom does he receive directions? 1  Who 2  teaches him the correct way to do things, 3  or imparts knowledge to him, or instructs him in skillful design? 4 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “With whom did he consult, so that he gave discernment to him?”

tn Heb “and taught him.” The vav (ו) consecutive with prefixed verbal form continues the previous line. The translation employs an interrogative pronoun for stylistic reasons.

tn The phrase אֹרַח מִשְׁפָּט (’orakh mishpat) could be translated “path of justice” (so NASB, NRSV), but in this context, where creative ability and skill is in view, the phrase is better understood in the sense of “the way that is proper or fitting” (see BDB 1049 s.v. מִשְׁפָּט 6); cf. NIV, NCV “the right way.”

tn Heb “or the way of understanding causes him to know?”

sn The implied answer to the rhetorical questions in vv. 13-14 is, “No one.” In contrast to Marduk, the creator-god of Mesopotamian myths who receives help from the god of wisdom, the Lord neither needs nor receives any such advice or help. See R. Whybray, Heavenly Counsellor (SOTSMS), 64-77.



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