Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Isaiah 2:6

Context
NET ©

Indeed, O Lord, 1  you have abandoned your people, the descendants of Jacob. For diviners from the east are everywhere; 2  they consult omen readers like the Philistines do. 3  Plenty of foreigners are around. 4 

NIV ©

You have abandoned your people, the house of Jacob. They are full of superstitions from the East; they practise divination like the Philistines and clasp hands with pagans.

NASB ©

For You have abandoned Your people, the house of Jacob, Because they are filled with influences from the east, And they are soothsayers like the Philistines, And they strike bargains with the children of foreigners.

NLT ©

The LORD has rejected the people of Israel because they have made alliances with foreigners from the East who practice magic and divination, just like the Philistines.

MSG ©

GOD, you've walked out on your family Jacob because their world is full of hokey religion, Philistine witchcraft, and pagan hocus-pocus,

BBE ©

For you, O Lord, have given up your people, the family of Jacob, because they are full of the evil ways of the east, and make use of secret arts like the Philistines, and are friends with the children of strange countries.

NRSV ©

For you have forsaken the ways of your people, O house of Jacob. Indeed they are full of diviners from the east and of soothsayers like the Philistines, and they clasp hands with foreigners.

NKJV ©

For You have forsaken Your people, the house of Jacob, Because they are filled with eastern ways; They are soothsayers like the Philistines, And they are pleased with the children of foreigners.


KJV
Therefore thou hast forsaken
<05203> (8804)
thy people
<05971>
the house
<01004>
of Jacob
<03290>_,
because they be replenished
<04390> (8804)
from the east
<06924>_,
and [are] soothsayers
<06049> (8781)
like the Philistines
<06430>_,
and they please
<05606> (8686)
themselves in the children
<03206>
of strangers
<05237>_.
{from...: or, more than the} {please...: or, abound with the}
NASB ©
For You have abandoned
<05203>
Your people
<05971>
, the house
<01004>
of Jacob
<03290>
, Because
<03588>
they are filled
<04390>
with influences from the east
<06924>
, And they are soothsayers
<06049>
like the Philistines
<06430>
, And they strike
<05606>
bargains with the children
<03206>
of foreigners
<05237>
.
HEBREW
wqypvy
<05606>
Myrkn
<05237>
ydlybw
<03206>
Mytslpk
<06430>
Mynnew
<06049>
Mdqm
<06924>
walm
<04390>
yk
<03588>
bqey
<03290>
tyb
<01004>
Kme
<05971>
htsjn
<05203>
yk (2:6)
<03588>
LXXM
anhken
<447
V-AAI-3S
gar
<1063
PRT
ton
<3588
T-ASM
laon
<2992
N-ASM
autou
<846
D-GSM
ton
<3588
T-ASM
oikon
<3624
N-ASM
tou
<3588
T-GSM
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
oti
<3754
CONJ
eneplhsyh {V-API-3S} wv
<3739
ADV
to
<3588
T-NSN
ap
<575
PREP
archv
<746
N-GSF
h
<3588
T-NSF
cwra
<5561
N-NSF
autwn
<846
D-GPF
klhdonismwn {N-GPM} wv
<3739
ADV
h
<3588
T-NSF
twn
<3588
T-GPF
allofulwn
<246
A-GPF
kai
<2532
CONJ
tekna
<5043
N-APN
polla
<4183
A-APN
allofula
<246
A-APN
egenhyh
<1096
V-API-3S
autoiv
<846
D-DPM
NET © [draft] ITL
Indeed
<03588>
, O Lord, you have abandoned
<05203>
your people
<05971>
, the descendants
<01004>
of Jacob
<03290>
. For
<03588>
diviners from the east
<06924>
are everywhere
<04390>
; they consult omen readers
<06049>
like the Philistines
<06430>
do. Plenty
<05606>
of foreigners
<05237>
are around
<05606>
.
NET ©

Indeed, O Lord, 1  you have abandoned your people, the descendants of Jacob. For diviners from the east are everywhere; 2  they consult omen readers like the Philistines do. 3  Plenty of foreigners are around. 4 

NET © Notes

tn The words “O Lord” are supplied in the translation for clarification. Isaiah addresses the Lord in prayer.

tc Heb “they are full from the east.” Various scholars retain the BHS reading and suggest that the prophet makes a general statement concerning Israel’s reliance on foreign customs (J. Watts, Isaiah [WBC], 1:32; J. de Waard, Isaiah, 12-13). Nevertheless, it appears that a word is missing. Based on the parallelism (note “omen readers” in 5:6c), many suggest that קֹסְמִים (qosÿmim, “diviners”) or מִקְסָם (miqsam, “divination”) has been accidentally omitted. Homoioteleuton could account for the omission of an original קֹסְמִים (note how this word and the following מִקֶּדֶם [miqqedem, “from the east”] both end in mem); an original מִקְסָם could have fallen out by homoioarcton (note how this word and the following מִקֶּדֶם both begin with mem).

tn Heb “and omen readers like the Philistines.” Through this line and the preceding, the prophet contends that Israel has heavily borrowed the pagan practices of the east and west (in violation of Lev 19:26; Deut 18:9-14).

tn Heb “and with the children of foreigners they [?].” The precise meaning of the final word is uncertain. Some take this verb (I שָׂפַק, safaq) to mean “slap,” supply the object “hands,” and translate, “they slap [hands] with foreigners”; HALOT 1349 s.v. I שׂפק. This could be a reference to foreign alliances. This translation has two disadvantages: It requires the conjectural insertion of “hands” and the use of this verb with its object prefixed with a בְּ (bet) preposition with this meaning does not occur elsewhere. The other uses of this verb refer to clapping at someone, an indication of hostility. The translation above assumes the verb is derived from II שׂפק (“to suffice,” attested in the Qal in 1 Kgs 20:10; HALOT 1349 s.v. II שׂפק). In this case the point is that a sufficient number of foreigners (in this case, too many!) live in the land. The disadvantage of this option is that the preposition prefixed to “the children of foreigners” does not occur with this verb elsewhere. The chosen translation is preferred since it continues the idea of abundant foreign influence and does not require a conjectural insertion or emendation.



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