Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Isaiah 1:27

Context
NET ©

1 Zion will be freed by justice, 2  and her returnees by righteousness. 3 

NIV ©

Zion will be redeemed with justice, her penitent ones with righteousness.

NASB ©

Zion will be redeemed with justice And her repentant ones with righteousness.

NLT ©

Because the LORD is just and righteous, the repentant people of Jerusalem will be redeemed.

MSG ©

GOD's right ways will put Zion right again. GOD's right actions will restore her penitents.

BBE ©

Upright acts will be the price of Zion’s forgiveness, and by righteousness will men be living there.

NRSV ©

Zion shall be redeemed by justice, and those in her who repent, by righteousness.

NKJV ©

Zion shall be redeemed with justice, And her penitents with righteousness.


KJV
Zion
<06726>
shall be redeemed
<06299> (8735)
with judgment
<04941>_,
and her converts
<07725> (8802)
with righteousness
<06666>_.
{her...: or, they that return of her}
NASB ©
Zion
<06726>
will be redeemed
<06299>
with justice
<04941>
And her repentant
<07725>
ones with righteousness
<06666>
.
HEBREW
hqdub
<06666>
hybsw
<07725>
hdpt
<06299>
jpsmb
<04941>
Nwyu (1:27)
<06726>
LXXM
meta
<3326
PREP
gar
<1063
PRT
krimatov
<2917
N-GSN
swyhsetai
<4982
V-FPI-3S
h
<3588
T-NSF
aicmalwsia
<161
N-NSF
authv
<846
D-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
meta
<3326
PREP
elehmosunhv
<1654
N-GSF
NET © [draft] ITL
Zion
<06726>
will be freed by justice
<04941>
, and her returnees
<06299>
by righteousness
<06666>
.
NET ©

1 Zion will be freed by justice, 2  and her returnees by righteousness. 3 

NET © Notes

sn The third person reference to the Lord in v. 28 indicates that the prophet is again (see vv. 21-24a) speaking. Since v. 27 is connected to v. 28 by a conjunction, it is likely that the prophet’s words begin with v. 27.

tn Heb “Zion will be ransomed with justice.” Both cola in this verse end with similar terms: justice and righteousness (and both are preceded by a בְּ [bet] preposition). At issue is whether these virtues describe the means or result of the deliverance and whether they delineate God’s justice/righteousness or that of the covenant people. If the righteousness of Israelite returnees is in view, the point seems to be that the reestablishment of Zion as a center of justice (God’s people living in conformity with God’s demand for equity and justice) will deliver the city from its past humiliation and restore it to a place of prominence (see 2:2-4; cf. E. Kissane, Isaiah, 1:19). Most scholars conclude that “righteousness and “justice” refers to God alone (J. Ridderbos, Isaiah [BSC], 50; J. Watts, Isaiah [WBC], 1:25; E. J. Young, Isaiah [NICOT], 1:89; cf. NLT, TEV) or serves as a double reference to both divine and human justice and righteousness (J. A. Motyer, The Prophecy of Isaiah, 51; J. N. Oswalt, Isaiah [NICOT], 1:10; H. Wildberger, Isaiah, 1:72). If it refers to both sides of the coin, these terms highlight the objective divine work of redemption and the subjective human response of penitence (Motyer, 51).

tc The Hebrew text has, “her repentant ones/returnees with righteousness.” The form שָׁבֶיהָ (shaveha, “her repentant ones”), as pointed in MT, is a masculine plural Qal participle from שׁוּב (shuv, “return”). Used substantivally, it refers to the “returning (i.e., repentant) ones.” It is possible that the parallel line (with its allusion to being freed by a ransom payment) suggests that the form be repointed to שִׁבְיָהּ (shivyah, “her captivity”), a reading that has support from the LXX. Some slightly emend the form to read וְשָׁבָה (vÿshavah, “and will return”). According to this view, the verb from the first line applies to the second line as well with the following translation as a result: “she will be released when fairness is restored.” Regardless, it makes best sense in the context to regard this as a reference to repentant Israelites returning to the land of promise. This understanding provides a better contrast with the rebels and sinners in 1:28.



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