Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Hosea 14:2

Context
NETBible

Return to the Lord and repent! 1  Say to him: “Completely 2  forgive our iniquity; accept 3  our penitential prayer, 4  that we may offer the praise of our lips as sacrificial bulls. 5 

XREF

2Sa 12:13; 2Sa 24:10; Job 7:21; Job 34:31,32; Ps 51:2-10; Ps 69:30,31; Isa 6:7; Eze 36:25,26; Joe 2:17; Mic 7:19; Zec 3:4; Mt 6:9-13; Mt 7:11; Lu 11:2-4; Lu 11:13; Lu 15:21-24; Lu 18:13; Joh 1:29; Ro 11:27; Eph 1:6,7; Eph 2:7,8; 2Ti 1:9; Tit 2:14; Heb 10:4; Heb 13:15; 1Pe 2:5,9; 1Jo 1:7; 1Jo 3:5

NET © Notes

tn Heb “Take words with you and return to the Lord” (so NASB, NIV, NRSV).

tn The word order כָּל־תִּשָּׂא עָוֹן (kol-tisa’ ’avon) is syntactically awkward. The BHS editors suggest rearranging the word order: תִּשָּׂא כָּל־עוֹן (“Forgive all [our] iniquity!”). However, Gesenius suggests that כָּל (“all”) does not function as the construct in the genitive phrase כָּל־עוֹן (“all [our] iniquity”); it functions adverbially modifying the verb תִּשָּׂא (“Completely forgive!”; see GKC 415 §128.e).

sn The repetition of the root לָקַח (laqakh) creates a striking wordplay in 14:2. If Israel will bring (לָקַח) its confession to God, he will accept (לָקַח) repentant Israel and completely forgive its sin.

tn Heb “and accept [our] speech.” The word טוֹב (tov) is often confused with the common homonymic root I טוֹב (tov, “good”; BDB 373 s.v. I טוֹב). However, this is probably IV טוֹב (tov, “word, speech”; HALOT 372 s.v. IV טוֹב), a hapax legomenon that is related to the verb טבב (“to speak”; HALOT 367 s.v. טבב) and the noun טִבָּה (tibbah, “rumor”; HALOT 367 s.v. טִבָּה). The term טוֹב (“word; speech”) refers to the repentant prayer mentioned in 14:1-3. Most translations relate it to I טוֹב and treat it as (1) accusative direct object: “accept that which is good” (RSV, NJPS), “Accept our good sacrifices” (CEV), or (2) adverbial accusative of manner: “receive [us] graciously” (KJV, NASB, NIV). Note TEV, however, which follows the suggestion made here: “accept our prayer.”

tc The MT reads פָרִים (farim, “bulls”), but the LXX reflects פְּרִי (pÿri, “fruit”), a reading followed by NASB, NIV, NRSV: “that we may offer the fruit of [our] lips [as sacrifices to you].” Although the Greek expression in Heb 13:15 (καρπὸν χειλέων, karpon xeilewn, “the fruit of lips”) reflects this LXX phrase, the MT makes good sense as it stands; NT usage of the LXX should not be considered decisive in resolving OT textual problems. The noun פָרִים (parim, “bulls”) functions as an adverbial accusative of state.



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