Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Hosea 12:8

Context
NET ©

Ephraim boasts, 1  “I am very rich! I have become wealthy! 2  In all that I have done to gain my wealth, 3  no one can accuse me of any offense 4  that is actually sinful.” 5 

NIV ©

Ephraim boasts, "I am very rich; I have become wealthy. With all my wealth they will not find in me any iniquity or sin."

NASB ©

And Ephraim said, "Surely I have become rich, I have found wealth for myself; In all my labors they will find in me No iniquity, which would be sin."

NLT ©

Israel boasts, "I am rich, and I’ve gotten it all by myself! No one can say I got it by cheating! My record is spotless!"

MSG ©

Ephraim boasted, "Look, I'm rich! I've made it big! And look how well I've covered my tracks: not a hint of fraud, not a sign of sin!"

BBE ©

And Ephraim said, Now I have got wealth and much property; in all my works no sin may be seen in me.

NRSV ©

Ephraim has said, "Ah, I am rich, I have gained wealth for myself; in all of my gain no offense has been found in me that would be sin."

NKJV ©

And Ephraim said, ‘Surely I have become rich, I have found wealth for myself; In all my labors They shall find in me no iniquity that is sin.’


KJV
And Ephraim
<0669>
said
<0559> (8799)_,
Yet I am become rich
<06238> (8804)_,
I have found me out
<04672> (8804)
substance
<0202>_:
[in] all my labours
<03018>
they shall find
<04672> (8799)
none iniquity
<05771>
in me that [were] sin
<02399>_.
{in all...: or, all my labours suffice me not: he shall have punishment of iniquity in whom is sin} {that: Heb. which}
NASB ©
And Ephraim
<0669>
said
<0559>
, "Surely
<0389>
I have become
<06238>
rich
<06238>
, I have found
<04672>
wealth
<0202>
for myself; In all
<03605>
my labors
<03018>
they will find
<04672>
in me No
<03808>
iniquity
<05771>
, which
<0834>
would be sin
<02399>
."
HEBREW
ajx
<02399>
rsa
<0834>
Nwe
<05771>
yl
<0>
waumy
<04672>
al
<03808>
yeygy
<03018>
lk
<03605>
yl
<0>
Nwa
<0202>
ytaum
<04672>
ytrse
<06238>
Ka
<0389>
Myrpa
<0669>
rmayw
<0559>
(12:8)
<12:9>
LXXM
(12:9) kai
<2532
CONJ
eipen {V-AAI-3S} efraim
<2187
N-PRI
plhn
<4133
ADV
peplouthka
<4147
V-RAI-1S
eurhka
<2147
V-RAI-1S
anaquchn {N-ASF} emautw
<1683
D-DSM
pantev
<3956
A-NPM
oi
<3588
T-NPM
ponoi
<4192
N-NPM
autou
<846
D-GSM
ouc
<3364
ADV
eureyhsontai
<2147
V-FPI-3P
autw
<846
D-DSM
di
<1223
PREP
adikiav
<93
N-APF
av
<3739
R-APF
hmarten
<264
V-AAI-3S
NET © [draft] ITL
Ephraim
<0669>
boasts
<0559>
, “I am very
<0389>
rich
<06238>
! I have become
<04672>
wealthy
<0202>
! In all
<03605>
that I have done
<03018>
to gain my wealth, no
<03808>
one can accuse
<04672>
me of any offense
<05771>
that
<0834>
is actually sinful
<02399>
.”
NET ©

Ephraim boasts, 1  “I am very rich! I have become wealthy! 2  In all that I have done to gain my wealth, 3  no one can accuse me of any offense 4  that is actually sinful.” 5 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “says” (so NAB).

tn Heb “I have found wealth for myself.” The verb מָצַא (matsa’, “to find”) is repeated in 12:8 to create a wordplay that is difficult to reproduce in translation. The Israelites have “found” (מָצַא) wealth for themselves (i.e., become wealthy; v. 8a) through dishonest business practices (v. 7). Nevertheless, they claim that no guilt can be “found” (מָצַא) in anything they have done in gaining their wealth (v. 8b).

tc The MT reads the 1st person common singular suffix on the noun יְגִיעַי (yÿgiay, “my labors/gains”; masculine plural noun + 1st person common singular suffix). The LXX’s οἱ πόνοι αὐτοῦ ({oi ponoi autou, “his labors”) assumes a 3rd person masculine singular suffix on the noun יְגִיעַיו (yÿgiav, “his labors/gains”; masculine plural noun + 3rd person masculine singular suffix). The BHS editors suggest adopting the LXX reading. The textual decision is based upon whether or not this line continues the speech of Ephraim (1st person common singular suffix) or whether these are the words of the prophet (3rd person masculine singular suffix). See the following translator’s note for the two rival lexical meanings which in turn lead to the textual options for the line as a whole.

tn Heb “In all my gains/labors.” The noun יְגִיעַ (yÿgia) has a two-fold range of meanings: (1) “toil, labor” and (2) metonymical result of toil: “product, produce, gain, acquired property” (i.e., wealth gained by labor; BDB 388 s.v.; HALOT 385-86 s.v.). Normally, only one of the categories of meaning is present in any usage; however, it is possible that intentional semantic ambiguity is present in this usage because the context invokes both ideas: action + wealth.

tn The phrase מָצָאתִי אוֹן לִי (matsation li, “I have found wealth for myself” = I have become wealthy) forms a wordplay with לֹא יִמְצְאוּ לִי עָוֹן (loyimtsÿu liavon, “they will not find guilt in me”). The repetition of מָצָא לִי (matsali) is enhanced by the paronomasia between the similar sounding nouns עוֹן (’on, “guilt”) and אוֹן (’on, “wealth”). The wordplay emphasizes that Israel’s acquisition of wealth cannot be divorced from his guilt in dishonest business practices. Israel has difficulty in protesting his innocence that he is not guilty (עוֹן) of the dishonest acquisition of wealth (אוֹן).

tc The MT reads “[in] all my gains, they will not find guilt in me which would be sin.” The LXX reflects a Hebrew Vorlage which would be translated “in all his labors, he cannot offset his guilt which is sin.” Some translations follow the LXX: “but all his riches can never offset the guilt he has incurred” (RSV); “None of his gains shall atone for the guilt of his sins” (NEB); “All his gain shall not suffice him for the guilt of his sin” (NAB). Most follow the MT: “In all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me that were sin” (KJV); “In all my labors they will find in me no iniquity, which would be sin” (NASB); “With all my wealth they will not find in me any iniquity or sin” (NIV); “All my gains do not amount to an offense which is real guilt” (NJPS); “No one can accuse us [sic] of getting rich dishonestly” (TEV); “I earned it all on my own, without committing a sin” (CEV). See D. Barthélemy, ed., Preliminary and Interim Report on the Hebrew Old Testament Text Project, 5:262-63.

tn Heb “In all my gains/labors, no one can find in me any guilt which is sin.”



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