Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Hosea 12:11


Is there idolatry 1  in Gilead? 2  Certainly its inhabitants 3  will come to nothing! 4  Do they sacrifice bulls in Gilgal? Surely their altars will be like stones heaped up on a plowed field!


1Ki 17:1; 2Ki 17:9-11; Jer 2:20,28; Jer 10:8,15; Ho 4:15; Ho 6:8; Ho 8:11; Ho 9:15; Ho 10:1; Am 4:4; Am 5:5; Jon 2:8

NET © Notes

tn The noun אָוֶן (’aven) has a broad range of meanings which includes: (1) “wickedness, sin, injustice” (2) “deception, nothingness,” and (3) “idolatry, idolatrous cult” (HALOT 22 s.v. אָוֶן; BDB 19 s.v. אָוֶן). While any of these meanings would fit the present context, the second-half of the verse refers to cultic sins, suggesting that Hosea is denouncing Gilead for its idolatry. Cf. NLT “Gilead is filled with sinners who worship idols.”

tn The introductory deictic particle אִם (’im) functions as an interrogative and introduces an interrogative clause: “Is there…?” (see HALOT 60 s.v. אִם 5; BDB 50 s.v. אִם 2). The LXX assumed that אִם was being used in its more common function as a conditional particle: “If there….”

tn Heb “they”; the referent (the inhabitants of Gilead) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

tn The noun שָׁוְא (shav’, “emptiness, nothing”), which describes the imminent judgment of the people of Gilead, creates a wordplay in Hebrew with the noun אָוֶן (’aven, “nothingness” = idolatry). Because Gilead worshiped “nothingness” (idols), it would become “nothing” (i.e., be destroyed).

TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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