Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Habakkuk 1:12


Lord, you have been active from ancient times; 1  my sovereign God, 2  you are immortal. 3  Lord, you have made them 4  your instrument of judgment. 5  Protector, 6  you have appointed them as your instrument of punishment. 7 


De 32:4,30,31; De 33:27; 1Sa 2:2; 2Ki 19:25; Ps 17:13; Ps 18:1; Ps 90:2; Ps 93:2,; Ps 118:17; Isa 10:5-7; Isa 27:6-9; Isa 27:9,10; Isa 37:26; Isa 40:28; Isa 43:15; Isa 49:7; Isa 57:15; Jer 4:27; Jer 5:18; Jer 25:9-14; Jer 30:11; Jer 31:18-20; Jer 33:24-26; Jer 46:28; La 5:19; Eze 30:25; Eze 37:11-14; Am 9:8,9; Mic 5:2; Hab 3:2; Ac 3:14; 1Ti 1:17; 1Ti 6:16; Heb 1:10-12; Heb 12:5,6; Heb 13:8; Re 1:8,11

NET © Notes

tn Heb “Are you not from antiquity, O Lord?” The rhetorical question expects the answer, “Yes, of course.” The present translation reflects the force of the rhetorical question, rendering it as an affirmation. When used in a temporal sense the phrase מִקֶדֶם (miqedem) means “from antiquity, ancient times,” often referring to earlier periods in Israel’s history. See its use in Neh 12:46; Pss 74:12; 77:11; Isa 45:21; 46:10; Mic 5:2.

tn Heb “My God, my holy one.” God’s “holiness” in this context is his sovereign transcendence as the righteous judge of the world (see vv. 12b-13a), thus the translation “My sovereign God.”

tc The MT reads, “we will not die,” but an ancient scribal tradition has “you [i.e., God] will not die.” This is preferred as a more difficult reading that can explain the rise of the other variant. Later scribes who copied the manuscripts did not want to associate the idea of death with God in any way, so they softened the statement to refer to humanity.

tn Heb “him,” a collective singular referring to the Babylonians. The plural pronoun “them” has been used in the translation in keeping with contemporary English style.

tn Heb “for judgment.”

tn Heb “Rock” or “Cliff.” This divine epithet views God as a place where one can go to be safe from danger. The translation “Protector” conveys the force of the metaphor (cf. KJV, NEB “O mighty God”).

tn Heb “to correct, reprove.”

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