Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Genesis 6:6

Context
NET ©

The Lord regretted 1  that he had made humankind on the earth, and he was highly offended. 2 

NIV ©

The LORD was grieved that he had made man on the earth, and his heart was filled with pain.

NASB ©

The LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.

NLT ©

So the LORD was sorry he had ever made them. It broke his heart.

MSG ©

GOD was sorry that he had made the human race in the first place; it broke his heart.

BBE ©

And the Lord had sorrow because he had made man on the earth, and grief was in his heart.

NRSV ©

And the LORD was sorry that he had made humankind on the earth, and it grieved him to his heart.

NKJV ©

And the LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.


KJV
And it repented
<05162> (8735)
the LORD
<03068>
that he had made
<06213> (8804)
man
<0120>
on the earth
<0776>_,
and it grieved
<06087> (8691)
him at
<0413>
his heart
<03820>_.
NASB ©
The LORD
<03068>
was sorry
<05162>
that He had made
<06213>
man
<0120>
on the earth
<0776>
, and He was grieved
<06087>
in His heart
<03820>
.
HEBREW
wbl
<03820>
la
<0413>
buetyw
<06087>
Urab
<0776>
Mdah
<0120>
ta
<0853>
hve
<06213>
yk
<03588>
hwhy
<03068>
Mxnyw (6:6)
<05162>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
eneyumhyh
<1760
V-API-3S
o
<3588
T-NSM
yeov
<2316
N-NSM
oti
<3754
CONJ
epoihsen
<4160
V-AAI-3S
ton
<3588
T-ASM
anyrwpon
<444
N-ASM
epi
<1909
PREP
thv
<3588
T-GSF
ghv
<1065
N-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
dienohyh {V-API-3S}
NET © [draft] ITL
The Lord
<03068>
regretted
<05162>
that
<03588>
he had made
<06213>
humankind
<0120>
on the earth
<0776>
, and he was highly
<03820>
offended
<06087>
.
NET ©

The Lord regretted 1  that he had made humankind on the earth, and he was highly offended. 2 

NET © Notes

tn Or “was grieved”; “was sorry.” In the Niphal stem the verb נָחָם (nakham) can carry one of four semantic meanings, depending on the context: (1) “to experience emotional pain or weakness,” “to feel regret,” often concerning a past action (see Exod 13:17; Judg 21:6, 15; 1 Sam 15:11, 35; Job 42:6; Jer 31:19). In several of these texts כִּי (ki, “because”) introduces the cause of the emotional sorrow. (2) Another meaning is “to be comforted” or “to comfort oneself” (sometimes by taking vengeance). See Gen 24:67; 38:12; 2 Sam 13:39; Ps 77:3; Isa 1:24; Jer 31:15; Ezek 14:22; 31:16; 32:31. (This second category represents a polarization of category one.) (3) The meaning “to relent from” or “to repudiate” a course of action which is already underway is also possible (see Judg 2:18; 2 Sam 24:16 = 1 Chr 21:15; Pss 90:13; 106:45; Jer 8:6; 20:16; 42:10). (4) Finally, “to retract” (a statement) or “to relent or change one’s mind concerning,” “to deviate from” (a stated course of action) is possible (see Exod 32:12, 14; 1 Sam 15:29; Ps 110:4; Isa 57:6; Jer 4:28; 15:6; 18:8, 10; 26:3, 13, 19; Ezek 24:14; Joel 2:13-14; Am 7:3, 6; Jonah 3:9-10; 4:2; Zech 8:14). See R. B. Chisholm, “Does God ‘Change His Mind’?” BSac 152 (1995): 388. The first category applies here because the context speaks of God’s grief and emotional pain (see the following statement in v. 6) as a result of a past action (his making humankind). For a thorough study of the word נָחָם, see H. Van Dyke Parunak, “A Semantic Survey of NHM,” Bib 56 (1975): 512-32.

tn Heb “and he was grieved to his heart.” The verb עָצָב (’atsav) can carry one of three semantic senses, depending on the context: (1) “to be injured” (Ps 56:5; Eccl 10:9; 1 Chr 4:10); (2) “to experience emotional pain”; “to be depressed emotionally”; “to be worried” (2 Sam 19:2; Isa 54:6; Neh 8:10-11); (3) “to be embarrassed”; “to be offended” (to the point of anger at another or oneself); “to be insulted” (Gen 34:7; 45:5; 1 Sam 20:3, 34; 1 Kgs 1:6; Isa 63:10; Ps 78:40). This third category develops from the second by metonymy. In certain contexts emotional pain leads to embarrassment and/or anger. In this last use the subject sometimes directs his anger against the source of grief (see especially Gen 34:7). The third category fits best in Gen 6:6 because humankind’s sin does not merely wound God emotionally. On the contrary, it prompts him to strike out in judgment against the source of his distress (see v. 7). The verb וַיִּתְעַצֵּב (vayyitatsev), a Hitpael from עָצָב, alludes to the judgment oracles in Gen 3:16-19. Because Adam and Eve sinned, their life would be filled with pain; but sin in the human race also brought pain to God. The wording of v. 6 is ironic when compared to Gen 5:29. Lamech anticipated relief (נָחָם, nakham) from their work (מַעֲשֶׂה, maaseh) and their painful toil (עִצְּבֹן, ’itsÿvon), but now we read that God was sorry (נָחָם, nakham) that he had made (עָשָׂה, ’asah) humankind for it brought him great pain (עָצָב, ’atsav).



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