Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Genesis 4:11

Context
NETBible

So now, you are banished 1  from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.

XREF

Ge 3:14; Ge 4:14; De 27:16-26; De 28:15-20; De 29:19-21; Job 16:18; Job 31:38-40; Isa 26:21; Ga 3:10; Re 12:16

NET © Notes

tn Heb “cursed are you from the ground.” As in Gen 3:14, the word “cursed,” a passive participle from אָרָר (’arar), either means “punished” or “banished,” depending on how one interprets the following preposition. If the preposition is taken as indicating source, then the idea is “cursed (i.e., punished) are you from [i.e., “through the agency of”] the ground” (see v. 12a). If the preposition is taken as separative, then the idea is “cursed and banished from the ground.” In this case the ground rejects Cain’s efforts in such a way that he is banished from the ground and forced to become a fugitive out in the earth (see vv. 12b, 14).



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