Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Genesis 3:5

Context
NET ©

for God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will open 1  and you will be like divine beings who know 2  good and evil.” 3 

NIV ©

"For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."

NASB ©

"For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."

NLT ©

"God knows that your eyes will be opened when you eat it. You will become just like God, knowing everything, both good and evil."

MSG ©

God knows that the moment you eat from that tree, you'll see what's really going on. You'll be just like God, knowing everything, ranging all the way from good to evil."

BBE ©

For God sees that on the day when you take of its fruit, your eyes will be open, and you will be as gods, having knowledge of good and evil.

NRSV ©

for God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."

NKJV ©

"For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."


KJV
For God
<0430>
doth know
<03045> (8802)
that in the day
<03117>
ye eat
<0398> (8800)
thereof, then your eyes
<05869>
shall be opened
<06491> (8738)_,
and ye shall be as gods
<0430>_,
knowing
<03045> (8802)
good
<02896>
and evil
<07451>_.
NASB ©
"For God
<0430>
knows
<03045>
that in the day
<03117>
you eat
<0398>
from it your eyes
<05869>
will be opened
<06491>
, and you will be like God
<0430>
, knowing
<03045>
good
<02896>
and evil
<07451>
."
HEBREW
erw
<07451>
bwj
<02896>
yedy
<03045>
Myhlak
<0430>
Mtyyhw
<01961>
Mkynye
<05869>
wxqpnw
<06491>
wnmm
<04480>
Mklka
<0398>
Mwyb
<03117>
yk
<03588>
Myhla
<0430>
edy
<03045>
yk (3:5)
<03588>
LXXM
hdei {V-YAI-3S} gar
<1063
PRT
o
<3588
T-NSM
yeov
<2316
N-NSM
oti
<3754
CONJ
en
<1722
PREP
h
<3739
R-DSF
an
<302
PRT
hmera
<2250
N-DSF
faghte
<2068
V-AAS-2P
ap
<575
PREP
autou
<846
D-GSM
dianoicyhsontai
<1272
V-FPI-3P
umwn
<4771
P-GP
oi
<3588
T-NPM
ofyalmoi
<3788
N-NPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
esesye
<1510
V-FMI-2P
wv
<3739
CONJ
yeoi
<2316
N-NPM
ginwskontev
<1097
V-PAPNP
kalon
<2570
A-ASN
kai
<2532
CONJ
ponhron
<4190
A-ASN
NET © [draft] ITL
for
<03588>
God
<0430>
knows
<03045>
that
<03588>
when
<03117>
you eat
<0398>
from
<04480>
it your eyes
<05869>
will open
<06491>
and you will be like
<01961>
divine
<0430>
beings who know
<03045>
good
<02896>
and evil
<07451>
.”
NET ©

for God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will open 1  and you will be like divine beings who know 2  good and evil.” 3 

NET © Notes

tn Or “you will have understanding.” This obviously refers to the acquisition of the “knowledge of good and evil,” as the next statement makes clear.

tn Or perhaps “like God, knowing.” It is unclear how the plural participle translated “knowing” is functioning. On the one hand, יֹדְעֵי (yodÿe) could be taken as a substantival participle functioning as a predicative adjective in the sentence. In this case one might translate: “You will be, like God himself, knowers of good and evil.” On the other hand, it could be taken as an attributive adjective modifying אֱלֹהִים (’elohim). In this case אֱלֹהִים has to be taken as a numerical plural referring to “gods,” “divine beings,” for if the one true God were the intended referent, a singular form of the participle would almost certainly appear as a modifier. Following this line of interpretation, one could translate, “You will be like divine beings who know good and evil.” The following context may favor this translation, for in 3:22 God says to an unidentified group, “Look, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil.” It is probable that God is addressing his heavenly court (see the note on the word “make” in 1:26), the members of which can be called “gods” or “divine beings” from the ancient Israelite perspective. (We know some of these beings as messengers or “angels.”) An examination of parallel constructions shows that a predicative understanding (“you will be, like God himself, knowers of good and evil,” cf. NIV, NRSV) is possible, but rare (see Gen 27:23, where “hairy” is predicative, complementing the verb “to be”). The statistical evidence strongly suggests that the participle is attributive, modifying “divine beings” (see Ps 31:12; Isa 1:30; 13:14; 16:2; 29:5; 58:11; Jer 14:9; 20:9; 23:9; 31:12; 48:41; 49:22; Hos 7:11; Amos 4:11). In all of these texts, where a comparative clause and accompanying adjective/participle follow a copulative (“to be”) verb, the adjective/participle is attributive after the noun in the comparative clause.

sn You will be like divine beings who know good and evil. The serpent raises doubts about the integrity of God. He implies that the only reason for the prohibition was that God was protecting the divine domain. If the man and woman were to eat, they would enter into that domain. The temptation is to overstep divinely established boundaries. (See D. E. Gowan, When Man Becomes God [PTMS], 25.)



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