Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Genesis 22:17


I will indeed bless you, 1  and I will greatly multiply 2  your descendants 3  so that they will be as countless as the stars in the sky or the grains of sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession 4  of the strongholds 5  of their enemies.


Ge 12:2; Ge 13:16; Ge 15:5; Ge 17:6; Ge 24:60; Ge 26:4; Ge 27:28,29; Ge 28:3,14-22; Ge 49:25,26; Nu 24:17-19; De 1:10; De 21:19; De 28:2-13; Jos 1:1-10:43; 2Sa 8:1-18; 2Sa 10:1-19; 1Ki 9:26; Ps 2:8,9; Ps 72:8,9; Jer 32:22; Jer 33:22; Da 2:44,45; Mic 1:9; Lu 1:68-75; 1Co 15:57; Eph 1:3; Re 11:15

NET © Notes

tn The use of the infinitive absolute before the finite verbal form (either an imperfect or cohortative) emphasizes the certainty of the blessing.

tn Here too the infinitive absolute is used for emphasis before the following finite verb (either an imperfect or cohortative).

sn I will greatly multiply. The Lord here ratifies his earlier promise to give Abram a multitude of descendants. For further discussion see R. B. Chisholm, “Evidence from Genesis,” A Case for Premillennialism, 35-54.

tn The Hebrew term זֶרַע (zera’) occurring here and in v. 18 may mean “seed” (for planting), “offspring” (occasionally of animals, but usually of people), or “descendants” depending on the context.

tn Or “inherit.”

tn Heb “gate,” which here stands for a walled city. To break through the gate complex would be to conquer the city, for the gate complex was the main area of defense (hence the translation “stronghold”).

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