Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Genesis 18:10

Context
NETBible

One of them 1  said, “I will surely return 2  to you when the season comes round again, 3  and your wife Sarah will have a son!” 4  (Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, not far behind him. 5 

XREF

Ge 16:10; Ge 17:16,19,21; Ge 17:21; Ge 18:13,14; Ge 21:2; Ge 22:15,16; Jud 13:3-5; 2Ki 4:16,17; Lu 1:13; Ro 9:8,9; Ga 4:23,28

NET © Notes

tn Heb “he”; the referent (one of the three men introduced in v. 2) has been specified in the translation for clarity. Some English translations have specified the referent as the Lord (cf. RSV, NIV) based on vv. 1, 13, but the Hebrew text merely has “he said” at this point, referring to one of the three visitors. Aside from the introductory statement in v. 1, the incident is narrated from Abraham’s point of view, and the suspense is built up for the reader as Abraham’s elaborate banquet preparations in the preceding verses suggest he suspects these are important guests. But not until the promise of a son later in this verse does it become clear who is speaking. In v. 13 the Hebrew text explicitly mentions the Lord.

tn The Hebrew construction is emphatic, using the infinitive absolute with the imperfect tense.

sn I will surely return. If Abraham had not yet figured out who this was, this interchange would have made it clear. Otherwise, how would a return visit from this man mean Sarah would have a son?

tn Heb “as/when the time lives” or “revives,” possibly referring to the springtime.

tn Heb “and there will be (הִנֵּה, hinneh) a son for Sarah.”

tn This is the first of two disjunctive parenthetical clauses preparing the reader for Sarah’s response (see v. 12).



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