Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Genesis 14:2

Context
NET ©

went to war 1  against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 2 

NIV ©

went to war against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar).

NASB ©

that they made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar).

NLT ©

fought against King Bera of Sodom, King Birsha of Gomorrah, King Shinab of Admah, King Shemeber of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (now called Zoar).

MSG ©

went off to war to fight Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, that is, Zoar.

BBE ©

They made war with Bera, king of Sodom, and with Birsha, king of Gomorrah, Shinab, king of Admah, and Shemeber, king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (which is Zoar).

NRSV ©

these kings made war with King Bera of Sodom, King Birsha of Gomorrah, King Shinab of Admah, King Shemeber of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar).

NKJV ©

that they made war with Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar).


KJV
[That these] made
<06213> (8804)
war
<04421>
with
<0854>
Bera
<01298>
king
<04428>
of Sodom
<05467>_,
and with Birsha
<01306>
king
<04428>
of Gomorrah
<06017>_,
Shinab
<08134>
king
<04428>
of Admah
<0126>_,
and Shemeber
<08038>
king
<04428>
of Zeboiim
<06636>_,
and the king
<04428>
of Bela
<01106>_,
which is
<01931>
Zoar
<06820>_.
NASB ©
that they made
<06213>
war
<04421>
with Bera
<01298>
king
<04428>
of Sodom
<05467>
, and with Birsha
<01306>
king
<04428>
of Gomorrah
<06017>
, Shinab
<08134>
king
<04428>
of Admah
<0126>
, and Shemeber
<08038>
king
<04428>
of Zeboiim
<06636>
, and the king
<04428>
of Bela
<01106>
(that is, Zoar
<06820>
).
HEBREW
reu
<06820>
ayh
<01931>
elb
<01106>
Klmw
<04428>
*Myywbu {Myybu}
<06636>
Klm
<04428>
rbamsw
<08038>
hmda
<0126>
Klm
<04428>
bans
<08134>
hrme
<06017>
Klm
<04428>
esrb
<01306>
taw
<0854>
Mdo
<05467>
Klm
<04428>
erb
<01298>
ta
<0854>
hmxlm
<04421>
wve (14:2)
<06213>
LXXM
epoihsan
<4160
V-AAI-3P
polemon
<4171
N-ASM
meta
<3326
PREP
balla {N-PRI} basilewv
<935
N-GSM
sodomwn
<4670
N-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
meta
<3326
PREP
barsa {N-PRI} basilewv
<935
N-GSM
gomorrav {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
sennaar {N-PRI} basilewv
<935
N-GSM
adama {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
sumobor {N-PRI} basilewv
<935
N-GSM
sebwim {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
basilewv
<935
N-GSM
balak
<904
N-PRI
auth
<3778
D-NSF
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
shgwr {N-PRI}
NET © [draft] ITL
went to war
<04421>
against Bera
<01298>
king
<04428>
of Sodom
<05467>
, Birsha
<01306>
king
<04428>
of Gomorrah
<06017>
, Shinab
<08134>
king
<04428>
of Admah
<0126>
, Shemeber
<08038>
king
<04428>
of Zeboiim
<06636>
, and the king
<04428>
of Bela
<01106>
(that is
<01931>
, Zoar
<06820>
).
NET ©

went to war 1  against Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 2 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “made war.”

sn Went to war. The conflict here reflects international warfare in the Early and Middle Bronze periods. The countries operated with overlords and vassals. Kings ruled over city states, or sometimes a number of city states (i.e., nations). Due to their treaties, when one went to war, those confederate with him joined him in battle. It appears here that it is Kedorlaomer’s war, because the western city states have rebelled against him (meaning they did not send products as tribute to keep him from invading them).

sn On the geographical background of vv. 1-2 see J. P. Harland, “Sodom and Gomorrah,” The Biblical Archaeologist Reader, 1:41-75; and D. N. Freedman, “The Real Story of the Ebla Tablets, Ebla and the Cities of the Plain,” BA 41 (1978): 143-64.



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