Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Genesis 12:13

Context
NET ©

So tell them 1  you are my sister 2  so that it may go well 3  for me because of you and my life will be spared 4  on account of you.”

NIV ©

Say you are my sister, so that I will be treated well for your sake and my life will be spared because of you."

NASB ©

"Please say that you are my sister so that it may go well with me because of you, and that I may live on account of you."

NLT ©

But if you say you are my sister, then the Egyptians will treat me well because of their interest in you, and they will spare my life."

MSG ©

Do me a favor: tell them you're my sister. Because of you, they'll welcome me and let me live."

BBE ©

Say, then, that you are my sister, and so it will be well with me because of you, and my life will be kept safe on your account.

NRSV ©

Say you are my sister, so that it may go well with me because of you, and that my life may be spared on your account."

NKJV ©

"Please say you are my sister, that it may be well with me for your sake, and that I may live because of you."


KJV
Say
<0559> (8798)_,
I pray thee
<04994>_,
thou [art] my sister
<0269>_:
that
<04616>
it may be well
<03190> (8799)
with me for thy sake; and my soul
<05315>
shall live
<02421> (8804)
because of thee
<01558>_.
NASB ©
"Please
<04994>
say
<0559>
that you are my sister
<0269>
so
<04616>
that it may go
<03190>
well
<03190>
with me because
<05668>
of you, and that I may live
<02421>
on account
<01558>
of you."
HEBREW
Kllgb
<01558>
yspn
<05315>
htyxw
<02421>
Krwbeb
<05668>
yl
<0>
bjyy
<03190>
Neml
<04616>
ta
<0859>
ytxa
<0269>
an
<04994>
yrma (12:13)
<0559>
LXXM
eipon {V-AAD-2S} oun
<3767
PRT
oti
<3754
CONJ
adelfh
<79
N-NSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
eimi
<1510
V-PAI-1S
opwv
<3704
CONJ
an
<302
PRT
eu
<2095
ADV
moi
<1473
P-DS
genhtai
<1096
V-AMS-3S
dia
<1223
PREP
se
<4771
P-AS
kai
<2532
CONJ
zhsetai
<2198
V-FMI-3S
h
<3588
T-NSF
quch
<5590
N-NSF
mou
<1473
P-GS
eneken {PREP} sou
<4771
P-GS
NET © [draft] ITL
So
<04994>
tell
<0559>
them you
<0859>
are my sister
<0269>
so that it may
<04616>
go well
<03190>
for me because
<05668>
of you and my life
<05315>
will be spared
<02421>
on account
<01558>
of you.”
NET ©

So tell them 1  you are my sister 2  so that it may go well 3  for me because of you and my life will be spared 4  on account of you.”

NET © Notes

tn Heb “say.”

sn Tell them you are my sister. Abram’s motives may not be as selfish as they appear. He is aware of the danger to the family. His method of dealing with it is deception with a half truth, for Sarai really was his sister – but the Egyptians would not know that. Abram presumably thought that there would be negotiations for a marriage by anyone interested (as Laban does later for his sister Rebekah), giving him time to react. But the plan backfires because Pharaoh does not take the time to negotiate. There is a good deal of literature on the wife-sister issue. See (among others) E. A. Speiser, “The Wife-Sister Motif in the Patriarchal Narratives,” Oriental and Biblical Studies, 62-81; C. J. Mullo-Weir, “The Alleged Hurrian Wife-Sister Motif in Genesis,” GOT 22 (1967-1970): 14-25.

tn The Hebrew verb translated “go well” can encompass a whole range of favorable treatment, but the following clause indicates it means here that Abram’s life will be spared.

tn Heb “and my life will live.”



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