Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ezra 4:6

Context
NET ©

1 At the beginning of the reign of Ahasuerus 2  they filed an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem. 3 

NIV ©

At the beginning of the reign of Xerxes, they lodged an accusation against the people of Judah and Jerusalem.

NASB ©

Now in the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, they wrote an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.

NLT ©

Years later when Xerxes began his reign, the enemies of Judah wrote him a letter of accusation against the people of Judah and Jerusalem.

MSG ©

In fact, in the reign of Xerxes, at the beginning of his reign, they wrote an accusation against those living in Judah and Jerusalem.

BBE ©

And in the time of Ahasuerus, when he first became king, they put on record a statement against the people of Judah and Jerusalem.

NRSV ©

In the reign of Ahasuerus, in his accession year, they wrote an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.

NKJV ©

In the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, they wrote an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.


KJV
And in the reign
<04438>
of Ahasuerus
<0325>_,
in the beginning
<08462>
of his reign
<04438>_,
wrote
<03789> (8804)
they [unto him] an accusation
<07855>
against the inhabitants
<03427> (8802)
of Judah
<03063>
and Jerusalem
<03389>_.
{Ahasuerus: Heb. Ahashverosh}
NASB ©
Now in the reign
<04438>
of Ahasuerus
<0325>
, in the beginning
<08462>
of his reign
<04438>
, they wrote
<03789>
an accusation
<07855>
against
<05921>
the inhabitants
<03427>
of Judah
<03063>
and Jerusalem
<03389>
.
HEBREW
o
Mlswryw
<03389>
hdwhy
<03063>
ybsy
<03427>
le
<05921>
hnjv
<07855>
wbtk
<03789>
wtwklm
<04438>
tlxtb
<08462>
swrwsxa
<0325>
twklmbw (4:6)
<04438>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
en
<1722
PREP
basileia
<932
N-DSF
asouhrou {N-GSM} en
<1722
PREP
arch
<746
N-DSF
basileiav
<932
N-GSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
egraqan
<1125
V-AAI-3P
epistolhn
<1992
N-ASF
epi
<1909
PREP
oikountav
<3611
V-PAPAP
iouda
<2448
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
ierousalhm
<2419
N-PRI
NET © [draft] ITL
At the beginning
<08462>
of the reign
<04438>
of Ahasuerus
<0325>
they filed
<03789>
an accusation
<07855>
against
<05921>
the inhabitants
<03427>
of Judah
<03063>
and Jerusalem
<03389>
.
NET ©

1 At the beginning of the reign of Ahasuerus 2  they filed an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem. 3 

NET © Notes

sn The chronological problems of Ezra 4:6-24 are well known and have been the subject of extensive discussion since ancient times. Both v. 5 and v. 24 describe the reign of Darius I Hystaspes, who ruled Persia ca. 522–486 b.c. and in whose time the rebuilt temple was finished. The material in between is from later times (v. 16 describes the rebuilding of the walls, not the temple), and so appear to be a digression. Even recognizing this, there are still questions, such as why Cambyses (530-522 b.c.) is not mentioned at all, and why events from the time of Xerxes (486-465 b.c.) and Artaxerxes (464-423 b.c.) are included here if the author was discussing opposition to the building of the temple, which was finished in 516 b.c. Theories to explain these difficulties are too numerous to mention here, but have existed since ancient times: Josephus, the first century Jewish historian, rearranged the account to put Cambyses before Xerxes and replacing Artaxerxes with Xerxes (for further discussion of Josephus’ rearrangement see L. L. Grabbe, “Josephus and the Reconstruction of the Judean Restoration” JBL 106 [1987]: 231-46). In brief, it seems best to view the author’s primary concern here as thematic (the theme of opposition to the Jewish resettlement in Jerusalem, including the rebuilding of the temple and restoration of Jerusalem’s walls) rather than purely chronological. In the previous verses the author had shown how the Jews had rejected an offer of assistance from surrounding peoples and how these people in turn harassed them. The inserted account shows how, in light of the unremitting opposition the Jews experienced (even extending down to more recent times), this refusal of help had been fully justified. Some of the documents the author employed show how this opposition continued even after the temple was rebuilt. (The failure to mention Cambyses may simply mean the author had no documents available from that period.) For detailed discussion of the difficulties presented by the passage and the various theories advanced to explain them, see H. G. M. Williamson, Ezra, Nehemiah (WBC), 56-60.

sn Ahasuerus, otherwise known as Xerxes I, ruled ca. 486-464 b.c.

map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.



TIP #05: Try Double Clicking on any word for instant search. [ALL]
created in 0.02 seconds
powered by bible.org