Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ezekiel 14:9

Context
NET ©

“‘As for the prophet, if he is made a fool by being deceived into speaking a prophetic word – I, the Lord, have made a fool of 1  that prophet, and I will stretch out my hand against him and destroy him from among my people Israel.

NIV ©

"‘And if the prophet is enticed to utter a prophecy, I the LORD have enticed that prophet, and I will stretch out my hand against him and destroy him from among my people Israel.

NASB ©

"But if the prophet is prevailed upon to speak a word, it is I, the LORD, who have prevailed upon that prophet, and I will stretch out My hand against him and destroy him from among My people Israel.

NLT ©

And if a prophet is deceived and gives a message anyway, it is because I, the LORD, have deceived that prophet. I will stand against such prophets and cut them off from the community of Israel.

MSG ©

"'If a prophet is deceived and tells these idolaters the lies they want to hear, I, GOD, get blamed for those lies. He won't get by with it. I'll grab him by the scruff of the neck and get him out of there.

BBE ©

And if the prophet, tricked by deceit, says anything, it is I the Lord by whom he has been tricked, and I will put out my hand against him, and he will be cut off from among my people Israel.

NRSV ©

If a prophet is deceived and speaks a word, I, the LORD, have deceived that prophet, and I will stretch out my hand against him, and will destroy him from the midst of my people Israel.

NKJV ©

"And if the prophet is induced to speak anything, I the LORD have induced that prophet, and I will stretch out My hand against him and destroy him from among My people Israel.


KJV
And if the prophet
<05030>
be deceived
<06601> (8792)
when he hath spoken
<01696> (8765)
a thing
<01697>_,
I the LORD
<03068>
have deceived
<06601> (8765)
that prophet
<05030>_,
and I will stretch out
<05186> (8804)
my hand
<03027>
upon him, and will destroy
<08045> (8689)
him from the midst
<08432>
of my people
<05971>
Israel
<03478>_.
NASB ©
"But if
<03588>
the prophet
<05030>
is prevailed
<06601>
upon to speak
<01696>
a word
<01697>
, it is I, the LORD
<03068>
, who have prevailed
<06601>
upon that prophet
<05030>
, and I will stretch
<05186>
out My hand
<03027>
against
<05921>
him and destroy
<08045>
him from among
<08432>
My people
<05971>
Israel
<03478>
.
HEBREW
larvy
<03478>
yme
<05971>
Kwtm
<08432>
wytdmshw
<08045>
wyle
<05921>
ydy
<03027>
ta
<0853>
ytyjnw
<05186>
awhh
<01931>
aybnh
<05030>
ta
<0853>
ytytp
<06601>
hwhy
<03068>
yna
<0589>
rbd
<01697>
rbdw
<01696>
htpy
<06601>
yk
<03588>
aybnhw (14:9)
<05030>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
o
<3588
T-NSM
profhthv
<4396
N-NSM
ean
<1437
CONJ
planhyh
<4105
V-APS-3S
kai
<2532
CONJ
lalhsh
<2980
V-AAS-3S
egw
<1473
P-NS
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
peplanhka
<4105
V-RAI-1S
ton
<3588
T-ASM
profhthn
<4396
N-ASM
ekeinon
<1565
D-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ektenw
<1614
V-FAI-1S
thn
<3588
T-ASF
ceira
<5495
N-ASF
mou
<1473
P-GS
ep
<1909
PREP
auton
<846
D-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
afaniw {V-FAI-1S} auton
<846
D-ASM
ek
<1537
PREP
mesou
<3319
A-GSN
tou
<3588
T-GSM
laou
<2992
N-GSM
mou
<1473
P-GS
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
NET © [draft] ITL
“‘As for
<03588>
the prophet
<05030>
, if
<03588>
he is made a fool by being deceived
<06601>
into speaking
<01696>
a prophetic word
<01697>
– I
<0589>
, the Lord
<03068>
, have made a fool
<06601>
of that prophet
<05030>
, and I will stretch
<05186>
out my hand
<03027>
against
<05921>
him and destroy
<08045>
him from among
<08432>
my people
<05971>
Israel
<03478>
.
NET ©

“‘As for the prophet, if he is made a fool by being deceived into speaking a prophetic word – I, the Lord, have made a fool of 1  that prophet, and I will stretch out my hand against him and destroy him from among my people Israel.

NET © Notes

tn The translation is uncertain due to difficulty both in determining the meaning of the verb’s stem and its conjugation in this context. In the Qal stem the basic meaning of the verbal root פָּתַה (patah) is “to be gullible, foolish.” The doubling stems (the Pual and Piel used in this verse) typically give such stative verbs a factitive sense, hence either “make gullible” (i.e., “entice”) or “make into a fool” (i.e., “to show to be a fool”). The latter represents the probable meaning of the term in Jer 20:7, 10 and is followed here (see L. C. Allen, Ezekiel [WBC], 1:193; R. Mosis “Ez 14, 1-11 - ein Ruf zur Umkehr,” BZ 19 [1975]: 166-69 and ThWAT 4:829-31). In this view, if a prophet speaks when not prompted by God, he will be shown to be a fool, but this does not reflect negatively on the Lord because it is God who shows him to be a fool. Secondly, the verb is in the perfect conjugation and may be translated “I have made a fool of him” or “I have enticed him,” or to show determination (see IBHS 439-41 §27.2f and g), or in certain syntactical constructions as future. Any of these may be plausible if the doubling stems used are understood in the sense of “making a fool of.” But if understood as “to make gullible,” more factors come into play. As the Hebrew verbal form is a perfect, it is often translated as present perfect: “I have enticed.” In this case the Lord states that he himself enticed the prophet to cooperate with the idolaters. Such enticement to sin would seem to be a violation of God’s moral character, but sometimes he does use such deception and enticement to sin as a form of punishment against those who have blatantly violated his moral will (see, e.g., 2 Sam 24). If one follows this line of interpretation in Ezek 14:9, one would have to assume that the prophet had already turned from God in his heart. However, the context gives no indication of this. Therefore, it is better to take the perfect as indicating certitude and to translate it with the future tense: “I will entice.” In this case the Lord announces that he will judge the prophet appropriately. If a prophet allows himself to be influenced by idolaters, then the Lord will use deception as a form of punishment against that deceived prophet. A comparison with the preceding oracles also favors this view. In 14:4 the perfect of certitude is used for emphasis (see “I will answer”), though in v. 7 a participle is employed. For a fuller discussion of this text, see R. B. Chisholm, Jr., “Does God Deceive?” BSac 155 (1998): 23-25.



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