Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ezekiel 1:1

Context
NET ©

In the thirtieth year, 1  on the fifth day of the fourth month, while I was among the exiles 2  at the Kebar River, 3  the heavens opened 4  and I saw a divine vision. 5 

NIV ©

In the thirtieth year, in the fourth month on the fifth day, while I was among the exiles by the Kebar River, the heavens were opened and I saw visions of God.

NASB ©

Now it came about in the thirtieth year, on the fifth day of the fourth month, while I was by the river Chebar among the exiles, the heavens were opened and I saw visions of God.

NLT ©

On July 31 of my thirtieth year, while I was with the Judean exiles beside the Kebar River in Babylon, the heavens were opened to me, and I saw visions of God.

MSG ©

When I was thirty years of age, I was living with the exiles on the Kebar River. On the fifth day of the fourth month, the sky opened up and I saw visions of God.

BBE ©

Now it came about in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, while I was by the river Chebar among those who had been made prisoners, that the heavens were made open and I saw visions of God.

NRSV ©

In the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I was among the exiles by the river Chebar, the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.

NKJV ©

Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month , on the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the River Chebar, that the heavens were opened and I saw visions of God.


KJV
Now it came to pass in the thirtieth
<07970>
year
<08141>_,
in the fourth
<07243>
[month], in the fifth
<02568>
[day] of the month
<02320>_,
as I [was] among
<08432>
the captives
<01473>
by the river
<05104>
of Chebar
<03529>_,
[that] the heavens
<08064>
were opened
<06605> (8738)_,
and I saw
<07200> (8799)
visions
<04759>
of God
<0430>_.
{captives: Heb. captivity}
NASB ©
Now it came
<01961>
about in the thirtieth
<07970>
year
<08141>
, on the fifth
<02568>
day of the fourth
<07243>
month
<02320>
, while I was by the river
<05104>
Chebar
<03529>
among
<08432>
the exiles
<01473>
, the heavens
<08064>
were opened
<06605>
and I saw
<07200>
visions
<04759>
of God
<0430>
.
HEBREW
Myhla
<0430>
twarm
<04759>
haraw
<07200>
Mymsh
<08064>
wxtpn
<06605>
rbk
<03529>
rhn
<05104>
le
<05921>
hlwgh
<01473>
Kwtb
<08432>
ynaw
<0589>
sdxl
<02320>
hsmxb
<02568>
yeybrb
<07243>
hns
<08141>
Myslsb
<07970>
yhyw (1:1)
<01961>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
egeneto
<1096
V-AMI-3S
en
<1722
PREP
tw
<3588
T-DSN
triakostw {A-DSN} etei
<2094
N-DSN
en
<1722
PREP
tw
<3588
T-DSM
tetartw
<5067
A-DSM
mhni
<3303
N-DSM
pempth
<3991
A-DSF
tou
<3588
T-GSM
mhnov
<3303
N-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
egw
<1473
P-NS
hmhn
<1510
V-IAI-1S
en
<1722
PREP
mesw
<3319
A-DSN
thv
<3588
T-GSF
aicmalwsiav
<161
N-GSF
epi
<1909
PREP
tou
<3588
T-GSM
potamou
<4215
N-GSM
tou
<3588
T-GSM
cobar {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
hnoicyhsan
<455
V-API-3P
oi
<3588
T-NPM
ouranoi
<3772
N-NPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
eidon
<3708
V-AAI-1S
oraseiv
<3706
N-APF
yeou
<2316
N-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
In the thirtieth
<07970>
year
<08141>
, on the fifth day of the fourth
<07243>
month
<02320>
, while I
<0589>
was among
<08432>
the exiles
<01473>
at the Kebar
<03529>
River
<05104>
, the heavens
<08064>
opened
<06605>
and I saw
<07200>
a divine
<0430>
vision
<04759>
.
NET ©

In the thirtieth year, 1  on the fifth day of the fourth month, while I was among the exiles 2  at the Kebar River, 3  the heavens opened 4  and I saw a divine vision. 5 

NET © Notes

sn The meaning of the thirtieth year is problematic. Some take it to mean the age of Ezekiel when he prophesied (e.g., Origen). The Aramaic Targum explains the thirtieth year as the thirtieth year dated from the recovery of the book of the Torah in the temple in Jerusalem (2 Kgs 22:3-9). The number seems somehow to be equated with the fifth year of Jehoiachin’s exile in 1:2, i.e., 593 b.c.

sn The Assyrians started the tactic of deportation, the large-scale forced displacement of conquered populations, in order to stifle rebellions. The task of uniting groups of deportees, gaining freedom from one’s overlords and returning to retake one’s own country would be considerably more complicated than living in one’s homeland and waiting for an opportune moment to drive out the enemy’s soldiers. The Babylonians adopted this practice also, after defeating the Assyrians. The Babylonians deported Judeans on three occasions. The practice of deportation was reversed by the Persian conquerors of Babylon, who gained favor from their subjects for allowing them to return to their homeland and, as polytheists, sought the favor of the gods of the various countries which had come under their control.

sn The Kebar River is mentioned in Babylonian texts from the city of Nippur in the fifth century b.c. It provided artificial irrigation from the Euphrates.

sn For the concept of the heavens opened in later literature, see 3 Macc 6:18; 2 Bar. 22:1; T. Levi 5:1; Matt 3:16; Acts 7:56; Rev 19:11.

tn Or “saw visions from God.” References to divine visions occur also in Ezek 8:3; 40:2



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