Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 8:16

Context
NET ©

1 The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 2  gnats 3  throughout all the land of Egypt.’”

NIV ©

Then the LORD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, ‘Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the ground,’ and throughout the land of Egypt the dust will become gnats."

NASB ©

Then the LORD said to Moses, "Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the earth, that it may become gnats through all the land of Egypt.’"

NLT ©

So the LORD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron to strike the dust with his staff. The dust will turn into swarms of gnats throughout the land of Egypt."

MSG ©

GOD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron, 'Take your staff and strike the dust. The dust will turn into gnats all over Egypt.'"

BBE ©

And the Lord said to Moses, Say to Aaron, Let your rod be stretched out over the dust of the earth so that it may become insects through all the land of Egypt.

NRSV ©

Then the LORD said to Moses, "Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your staff and strike the dust of the earth, so that it may become gnats throughout the whole land of Egypt.’"

NKJV ©

So the LORD said to Moses, "Say to Aaron, ‘Stretch out your rod, and strike the dust of the land, so that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.’"


KJV
And the LORD
<03068>
said
<0559> (8799)
unto Moses
<04872>_,
Say
<0559> (8798)
unto Aaron
<0175>_,
Stretch out
<05186> (8798)
thy rod
<04294>_,
and smite
<05221> (8685)
the dust
<06083>
of the land
<0776>_,
that it may become lice
<03654>
throughout all the land
<0776>
of Egypt
<04714>_.
NASB ©
Then the LORD
<03068>
said
<0559>
to Moses
<04872>
, "Say
<0559>
to Aaron
<0175>
, 'Stretch
<05186>
out your staff
<04294>
and strike
<05221>
the dust
<06083>
of the earth
<0776>
, that it may become
<01961>
gnats
<03654>
through all
<03605>
the land
<0776>
of Egypt
<04714>
.'"
HEBREW
Myrum
<04714>
Ura
<0776>
lkb
<03605>
Mnkl
<03654>
hyhw
<01961>
Urah
<0776>
rpe
<06083>
ta
<0853>
Khw
<05221>
Kjm
<04294>
ta
<0853>
hjn
<05186>
Nrha
<0175>
la
<0413>
rma
<0559>
hsm
<04872>
la
<0413>
hwhy
<03068>
rmayw
<0559>
(8:16)
<8:12>
LXXM
(8:12) eipen {V-AAI-3S} de
<1161
PRT
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
prov
<4314
PREP
mwushn {N-ASM} eipon {V-AAD-2S} aarwn
<2
N-PRI
ekteinon
<1614
V-AAD-2S
th
<3588
T-DSF
ceiri
<5495
N-DSF
thn
<3588
T-ASF
rabdon {N-ASF} sou
<4771
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
pataxon
<3960
V-AAD-2S
to
<3588
T-ASN
cwma {N-ASN} thv
<3588
T-GSF
ghv
<1065
N-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
esontai
<1510
V-FMI-3P
sknifev {N-NPM} en
<1722
PREP
te
<5037
PRT
toiv
<3588
T-DPM
anyrwpoiv
<444
N-DPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
en
<1722
PREP
toiv
<3588
T-DPM
tetraposin
<5074
A-DPN
kai
<2532
CONJ
en
<1722
PREP
pash
<3956
A-DSF
gh
<1065
N-DSF
aiguptou
<125
N-GSF
NET © [draft] ITL
The Lord
<03068>
said
<0559>
to
<0413>
Moses
<04872>
, “Tell
<0559>
Aaron
<0175>
, ‘Extend
<05186>
your staff
<04294>
and strike
<05221>
the dust
<06083>
of the ground
<0776>
, and it will become
<01961>
gnats
<03654>
throughout all
<03605>
the land
<0776>
of Egypt
<04714>
.’”
NET ©

1 The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 2  gnats 3  throughout all the land of Egypt.’”

NET © Notes

sn The third plague is brief and unannounced. Moses and Aaron were simply to strike the dust so that it would become gnats. Not only was this plague unannounced, but also it was not duplicated by the Egyptians.

tn The verb is the perfect tense with vav (ו) consecutive, meaning “and it will be.” When הָיָה (hayah) is followed by the lamed (ל) proposition, it means “become.”

tn The noun is כִּנִּים (kinnim). The insect has been variously identified as lice, gnats, ticks, flies, fleas, or mosquitoes. “Lice” follows the reading in the Peshitta and Targum (and so Josephus, Ant. 2.14.3 [2.300]). Greek and Latin had “gnats.” By “gnats” many commentators mean “mosquitoes,” which in and around the water of Egypt were abundant (and the translators of the Greek text were familiar with Egypt). Whatever they were they came from the dust and were troublesome to people and animals.



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