Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 7:3

Context
NET ©

But I will harden 1  Pharaoh’s heart, and although I will multiply 2  my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt,

NIV ©

But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and though I multiply my miraculous signs and wonders in Egypt,

NASB ©

"But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.

NLT ©

But I will cause Pharaoh to be stubborn so I can multiply my miraculous signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.

MSG ©

At the same time I am going to put Pharaoh's back up and follow it up by filling Egypt with signs and wonders.

BBE ©

And I will make Pharaoh’s heart hard, and my signs and wonders will be increased in the land of Egypt.

NRSV ©

But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and I will multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.

NKJV ©

"And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.


KJV
And I will harden
<07185> (8686)
Pharaoh's
<06547>
heart
<03820>_,
and multiply
<07235> (8689)
my signs
<0226>
and my wonders
<04159>
in the land
<0776>
of Egypt
<04714>_.
NASB ©
"But I will harden
<07185>
Pharaoh's
<06547>
heart
<03820>
that I may multiply
<07235>
My signs
<0226>
and My wonders
<04159>
in the land
<0776>
of Egypt
<04714>
.
HEBREW
Myrum
<04714>
Urab
<0776>
ytpwm
<04159>
taw
<0853>
ytta
<0226>
ta
<0853>
ytybrhw
<07235>
herp
<06547>
bl
<03820>
ta
<0853>
hsqa
<07185>
ynaw (7:3)
<0589>
LXXM
egw
<1473
P-NS
de
<1161
PRT
sklhrunw
<4645
V-AAS-1S
thn
<3588
T-ASF
kardian
<2588
N-ASF
faraw
<5328
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
plhyunw
<4129
V-AAS-1S
ta
<3588
T-APN
shmeia
<4592
N-APN
mou
<1473
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
ta
<3588
T-APN
terata
<5059
N-APN
en
<1722
PREP
gh
<1065
N-DSF
aiguptw
<125
N-DSF
NET © [draft] ITL
But I
<0589>
will harden
<07185>
Pharaoh’s
<06547>
heart
<03820>
, and although I will multiply
<07235>
my signs
<0226>
and my wonders
<04159>
in the land
<0776>
of Egypt
<04714>
,
NET ©

But I will harden 1  Pharaoh’s heart, and although I will multiply 2  my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt,

NET © Notes

tn The clause begins with the emphatic use of the pronoun and a disjunctive vav (ו) expressing the contrast “But as for me, I will harden.” They will speak, but God will harden.

sn The imperfect tense of the verb קָשָׁה (qasha) is found only here in these “hardening passages.” The verb (here the Hiphil for “I will harden”) summarizes Pharaoh’s resistance to what God would be doing through Moses – he would stubbornly resist and refuse to submit; he would be resolved in his opposition. See R. R. Wilson, “The Hardening of Pharaoh’s Heart,” CBQ 41 (1979): 18-36.

tn The form beginning the second half of the verse is the perfect tense with vav (ו) consecutive, הִרְבֵּיתִי (hirbeti). It could be translated as a simple future in sequence after the imperfect preceding it, but the logical connection is not obvious. Since it carries the force of an imperfect due to the sequence, it may be subordinated as a temporal clause to the next clause that begins in v. 4. That maintains the flow of the argument.



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