Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 4:22

Context
NET ©

You must say 1  to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says 2  the Lord, “Israel is my son, my firstborn, 3 

NIV ©

Then say to Pharaoh, ‘This is what the LORD says: Israel is my firstborn son,

NASB ©

"Then you shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says the LORD, "Israel is My son, My firstborn.

NLT ©

Then you will tell him, ‘This is what the LORD says: Israel is my firstborn son.

MSG ©

Then you are to tell Pharaoh, 'GOD's Message: Israel is my son, my firstborn!

BBE ©

And you are to say to Pharaoh, The Lord says, Israel is the first of my sons:

NRSV ©

Then you shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says the LORD: Israel is my firstborn son.

NKJV ©

"Then you shall say to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says the LORD: "Israel is My son, My firstborn.


KJV
And thou shalt say
<0559> (8804)
unto Pharaoh
<06547>_,
Thus saith
<0559> (8804)
the LORD
<03068>_,
Israel
<03478>
[is] my son
<01121>_,
[even] my firstborn
<01060>_:
NASB ©
"Then you shall say
<0559>
to Pharaoh
<06547>
, 'Thus
<03541>
says
<0559>
the LORD
<03068>
, "Israel
<03478>
is My son
<01121>
, My firstborn
<01060>
.
HEBREW
larvy
<03478>
yrkb
<01060>
ynb
<01121>
hwhy
<03068>
rma
<0559>
hk
<03541>
herp
<06547>
la
<0413>
trmaw (4:22)
<0559>
LXXM
su
<4771
P-NS
de
<1161
PRT
ereiv {V-FAI-2S} tw
<3588
T-DSM
faraw
<5328
N-PRI
tade
<3592
D-APN
legei
<3004
V-PAI-3S
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
uiov
<5207
N-NSM
prwtotokov
<4416
A-NSM
mou
<1473
P-GS
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
NET © [draft] ITL
You must say
<0559>
to
<0413>
Pharaoh
<06547>
, ‘Thus
<03541>
says
<0559>
the Lord
<03068>
, “Israel
<03478>
is my son
<01121>
, my firstborn
<01060>
,
NET ©

You must say 1  to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says 2  the Lord, “Israel is my son, my firstborn, 3 

NET © Notes

tn The sequence of the instruction from God uses the perfect tense with vav (ו), following the preceding imperfects.

tn The instantaneous use of the perfect tense fits well with the prophetic announcement of what Yahweh said or says. It shows that the words given to the prophet are still binding.

sn The metaphor uses the word “son” in its connotation of a political dependent, as it was used in ancient documents to describe what was intended to be a loyal relationship with well-known privileges and responsibilities, like that between a good father and son. The word can mean a literal son, a descendant, a chosen king (and so, the Messiah), a disciple (in Proverbs), and here, a nation subject to God. If the people of Israel were God’s “son,” then they should serve him and not Pharaoh. Malachi reminds people that the Law said “a son honors his father,” and so God asked, “If I am a father, where is my honor?” (Mal 1:6).



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