Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 4:21

Context
NET ©

The Lord said 1  to Moses, “When you go back to Egypt, 2  see that you 3  do before Pharaoh all the wonders I have put under your control. 4  But I will harden 5  his heart 6  and 7  he will not let the people go.

NIV ©

The LORD said to Moses, "When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.

NASB ©

The LORD said to Moses, "When you go back to Egypt see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders which I have put in your power; but I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.

NLT ©

Then the LORD reminded him, "When you arrive back in Egypt, go to Pharaoh and perform the miracles I have empowered you to do. But I will make him stubborn so he will not let the people go.

MSG ©

GOD said to Moses, "When you get back to Egypt, be prepared: All the wonders that I will do through you, you'll do before Pharaoh. But I will make him stubborn so that he will refuse to let the people go.

BBE ©

And the Lord said to Moses, When you go back to Egypt, see that you do before Pharaoh all the wonders which I have given you power to do: but I will make his heart hard and he will not let the people go.

NRSV ©

And the LORD said to Moses, "When you go back to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders that I have put in your power; but I will harden his heart, so that he will not let the people go.

NKJV ©

And the LORD said to Moses, "When you go back to Egypt, see that you do all those wonders before Pharaoh which I have put in your hand. But I will harden his heart, so that he will not let the people go.


KJV
And the LORD
<03068>
said
<0559> (8799)
unto Moses
<04872>_,
When thou goest
<03212> (8800)
to return
<07725> (8800)
into Egypt
<04714>_,
see
<07200> (8798)
that thou do
<06213> (8804)
all those wonders
<04159>
before
<06440>
Pharaoh
<06547>_,
which I have put
<07760> (8804)
in thine hand
<03027>_:
but I will harden
<02388> (8762)
his heart
<03820>_,
that he shall not let the people
<05971>
go
<07971> (8762)_.
NASB ©
The LORD
<03068>
said
<0559>
to Moses
<04872>
, "When you go
<01980>
back
<07725>
to Egypt
<04714>
see
<07200>
that you perform
<06213>
before
<06440>
Pharaoh
<06547>
all
<03605>
the wonders
<04159>
which
<0834>
I have put
<07760>
in your power
<03027>
; but I will harden
<02388>
his heart
<03820>
so that he will not let
<07971>
the people
<05971>
go
<07971>
.
HEBREW
Meh
<05971>
ta
<0853>
xlsy
<07971>
alw
<03808>
wbl
<03820>
ta
<0853>
qzxa
<02388>
ynaw
<0589>
herp
<06547>
ynpl
<06440>
Mtyvew
<06213>
Kdyb
<03027>
ytmv
<07760>
rsa
<0834>
Mytpmh
<04159>
lk
<03605>
har
<07200>
hmyrum
<04714>
bwsl
<07725>
Ktklb
<01980>
hsm
<04872>
la
<0413>
hwhy
<03068>
rmayw (4:21)
<0559>
LXXM
eipen {V-AAI-3S} de
<1161
PRT
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
prov
<4314
PREP
mwushn {N-ASM} poreuomenou
<4198
V-PMD-2S
sou
<4771
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
apostrefontov
<654
V-PAPGS
eiv
<1519
PREP
aigupton
<125
N-ASF
ora
<3708
V-PAD-2S
panta
<3956
A-APN
ta
<3588
T-APN
terata
<5059
N-APN
a
<3739
R-APN
edwka
<1325
V-AAI-1S
en
<1722
PREP
taiv
<3588
T-DPF
cersin
<5495
N-DPF
sou
<4771
P-GS
poihseiv
<4160
V-FAI-2S
auta
<846
D-APN
enantion
<1726
PREP
faraw
<5328
N-PRI
egw
<1473
P-NS
de
<1161
PRT
sklhrunw
<4645
V-AAS-1S
thn
<3588
T-ASF
kardian
<2588
N-ASF
autou
<846
D-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ou
<3364
ADV
mh
<3165
ADV
exaposteilh
<1821
V-AAS-3S
ton
<3588
T-ASM
laon
<2992
N-ASM
NET © [draft] ITL
The Lord
<03068>
said
<0559>
to
<0413>
Moses
<04872>
, “When you go
<01980>
back
<07725>
to Egypt
<04714>
, see
<07200>
that
<0834>
you do
<06213>
before
<06440>
Pharaoh
<06547>
all
<03605>
the wonders
<04159>
I have put
<07760>
under your control
<03027>
. But I
<0589>
will harden
<02388>
his heart
<03820>
and he will not
<03808>
let
<07971>
the
<0853>
people
<05971>
go.
NET ©

The Lord said 1  to Moses, “When you go back to Egypt, 2  see that you 3  do before Pharaoh all the wonders I have put under your control. 4  But I will harden 5  his heart 6  and 7  he will not let the people go.

NET © Notes

tn Heb “And Yahweh said.”

tn The construction may involve a verbal hendiadys using the two infinitive forms: “when you go to return” (בְּלֶכְתְּךָ לָשׁוּב, bÿlekhtÿkha lashuv). The clause is temporal, subordinated to the instruction to do the signs. Therefore, its focus cannot be on going to return, i.e., preparing or beginning to return.

tn The two verb forms in this section are the imperative (רְאֵה, rÿeh) followed by the perfect with the vav (וַעֲשִׂיתָם, vaasitam). The second could be coordinated and function as a second command: “see…and [then] do”; or it could be subordinated logically: “see…so that you do.” Some commentators who take the first option suggest that Moses was supposed to contemplate these wonders before doing them before Pharaoh. That does not seem as likely as the second interpretation reflected in the translation.

tn Or “in your power”; Heb “in your hand.”

tn Heb “strengthen” (in the sense of making stubborn or obstinate). The text has the expression וַאֲנִי אֲחַזֵּק אֶת־לִבּוֹ (vaaniakhazzeqet-libbo), “I will make strong his will,” or “I will strengthen his resolve,” recognizing the “heart” as the location of decision making (see Prov 16:1, 9).

sn Here is the first mention of the hardening of the heart of Pharaoh. God first tells Moses he must do the miracles, but he also announces that he will harden Pharaoh’s heart, as if working against Moses. It will help Moses to know that God is bringing about the resistance in order to bring a greater victory with greater glory. There is a great deal of literature on this, but see among the resources F. W. Danker, “Hardness of Heart: A Study in Biblical Thematic,” CTM 44 (1973): 89-100; R. R. Wilson, “The Hardening of Pharaoh’s Heart,” CBQ 41 (1979): 18-36; and R. B. Chisholm Jr., “Divine Hardening in the Old Testament,” BSac 153 (1996): 410-34.

tn Or “so that.”



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