Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 4:10

Context
NET ©

Then Moses said to the Lord, 1  “O 2  my Lord, 3  I am not an eloquent man, 4  neither in the past 5  nor since you have spoken to your servant, for I am slow of speech and slow of tongue.” 6 

NIV ©

Moses said to the LORD, "O Lord, I have never been eloquent, neither in the past nor since you have spoken to your servant. I am slow of speech and tongue."

NASB ©

Then Moses said to the LORD, "Please, Lord, I have never been eloquent, neither recently nor in time past, nor since You have spoken to Your servant; for I am slow of speech and slow of tongue."

NLT ©

But Moses pleaded with the LORD, "O Lord, I’m just not a good speaker. I never have been, and I’m not now, even after you have spoken to me. I’m clumsy with words."

MSG ©

Moses raised another objection to GOD: "Master, please, I don't talk well. I've never been good with words, neither before nor after you spoke to me. I stutter and stammer."

BBE ©

And Moses said to the Lord, O Lord, I am not a man of words; I have never been so, and am not now, even after what you have said to your servant: for talking is hard for me, and I am slow of tongue.

NRSV ©

But Moses said to the LORD, "O my Lord, I have never been eloquent, neither in the past nor even now that you have spoken to your servant; but I am slow of speech and slow of tongue."

NKJV ©

Then Moses said to the LORD, "O my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither before nor since You have spoken to Your servant; but I am slow of speech and slow of tongue."


KJV
And Moses
<04872>
said
<0559> (8799)
unto the LORD
<03068>_,
O
<0994>
my Lord
<0136>_,
I
<0376>
[am] not eloquent
<01697>_,
neither heretofore
<08032> <08543>_,
nor since
<0227>
thou hast spoken
<01696> (8763)
unto thy servant
<05650>_:
but I [am] slow
<03515>
of speech
<06310>_,
and of a slow
<03515>
tongue
<03956>_.
{eloquent: Heb. a man of words} {heretofore: Heb. since yesterday, nor since the third day}
NASB ©
Then Moses
<04872>
said
<0559>
to the LORD
<03068>
, "Please
<0994>
, Lord
<0136>
, I have never
<03808>
been eloquent
<0376>
<1697>, neither
<01571>
recently
<04480>
<8543> nor
<01571>
in time
<08032>
past
<08032>
, nor
<01571>
since
<03975>
You have spoken
<01696>
to Your servant
<05650>
; for I am slow
<03515>
of speech
<06310>
and slow
<03515>
of tongue
<03956>
."
HEBREW
ykna
<0595>
Nwsl
<03956>
dbkw
<03515>
hp
<06310>
dbk
<03515>
yk
<03588>
Kdbe
<05650>
la
<0413>
Krbd
<01696>
zam
<0227>
Mg
<01571>
Mslsm
<08032>
Mg
<01571>
lwmtm
<08543>
Mg
<01571>
ykna
<0595>
Myrbd
<01697>
sya
<0582>
al
<03808>
ynda
<0136>
yb
<0994>
hwhy
<03068>
la
<0413>
hsm
<04872>
rmayw (4:10)
<0559>
LXXM
eipen {V-AAI-3S} de
<1161
PRT
mwushv {N-NSM} prov
<4314
PREP
kurion
<2962
N-ASM
deomai
<1189
V-PMI-1S
kurie
<2962
N-VSM
ouc
<3364
ADV
ikanov
<2425
A-NSM
eimi
<1510
V-PAI-1S
pro
<4253
PREP
thv
<3588
T-GSF
ecyev
<5504
ADV
oude
<3761
CONJ
pro
<4253
PREP
thv
<3588
T-GSF
trithv
<5154
A-GSF
hmerav
<2250
N-GSF
oude
<3761
CONJ
af
<575
PREP
ou
<3739
R-GSM
hrxw
<757
V-AMI-2S
lalein
<2980
V-PAN
tw
<3588
T-DSM
yeraponti
<2324
N-DSM
sou
<4771
P-GS
iscnofwnov {A-NSM} kai
<2532
CONJ
braduglwssov {A-NSM} egw
<1473
P-NS
eimi
<1510
V-PAI-1S
NET © [draft] ITL
Then Moses
<04872>
said
<0559>
to
<0413>
the Lord
<03068>
, “O
<0994>
my Lord
<0136>
, I am
<0595>
not
<03808>
an eloquent
<01697>
man
<0582>
, neither
<01571>
in the past
<08032>
nor
<01571>
since
<0227>
you have spoken
<01696>
to
<0413>
your servant
<05650>
, for
<03588>
I am
<0595>
slow
<03515>
of speech
<06310>
and slow
<03515>
of tongue
<03956>
.”
NET ©

Then Moses said to the Lord, 1  “O 2  my Lord, 3  I am not an eloquent man, 4  neither in the past 5  nor since you have spoken to your servant, for I am slow of speech and slow of tongue.” 6 

NET © Notes

sn Now Moses took up another line of argumentation, the issue of his inability to speak fluently (vv. 10-17). The point here is that God’s servants must yield themselves as instruments to God, the Creator. It makes no difference what character traits they have or what weaknesses they think they have (Moses manages to speak very well) if God is present. If the sovereign God has chosen them, then they have everything that God intended them to have.

tn The word בִּי (bi) is a particle of entreaty; it seeks permission to speak and is always followed by “my lord” or “my Lord.” Often rendered “please,” it is “employed in petitions, complaints and excuses” (W. H. C. Propp, Exodus 1–18 [AB], 213).

tn The designation in Moses’ address is אֲדֹנָי (’adonay), a term of respect and deference such as “lord, master, sir” but pointed as it would be when it represents the tetragrammaton. B. Jacob says since this is the first time Moses spoke directly to Yahweh, he did so hesitatingly (Exodus, 87).

tn When a noun clause is negated with לֹא (lo’), rather than אֵין (’en), there is a special emphasis, since the force of the negative falls on a specific word (GKC 479 §152.d). The expression “eloquent man” is אִישׁ דְּבָרִים (’ish dÿvarim, “a man of words”). The genitive may indicate a man characterized by words or a man who is able to command or control words. Moses apparently is resigned to the fact that he can do the signs, but he knows the signs have to be explained.

tn Heb “also from yesterday also from three days ago” or “neither since yesterday nor since before that” is idiomatic for “previously” or “in the past.”

tn The two expressions are כְבַד־פֶּה (khÿvad peh, “heavy of mouth”), and then כְבַד לָשׁוֹן (khÿvad lashon, “heavy of tongue”). Both use genitives of specification, the mouth and the tongue being what are heavy – slow. “Mouth” and “tongue” are metonymies of cause. Moses is saying that he has a problem speaking well. Perhaps he had been too long at the other side of the desert, or perhaps he was being a little dishonest. At any rate, he has still not captured the meaning of God’s presence. See among other works, J. H. Tigay, “‘Heavy of Mouth’ and ‘Heavy of Tongue’: On Moses’ Speech Difficulty,” BASOR 231 (1978): 57-67.



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