Do not light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day."
"You shall not kindle a fire in any of your dwellings on the sabbath day."
Do not even light fires in your homes on that day."
Don't light any fires in your homes on the Sabbath day."
No fire is to be lighted in any of your houses on the Sabbath day.
You shall kindle no fire in all your dwellings on the sabbath day.
"You shall kindle no fire throughout your dwellings on the Sabbath day."
|NET © [draft] ITL|
|NET © Notes||
1 sn Kindling a fire receives special attention here because the people thought that kindling a fire was not work, but only a preparation for some kind of work. The Law makes sure that this too was not done. But see also G. Robinson, “The Prohibition of Strange Fire in Ancient Israel: A Look at the Case of Gathering Wood and Kindling Fire on the Sabbath,” VT 28 (1978): 301-17.
2 tn Heb “dwelling places”; KJV, ASV “habitations.”
3 sn The presence of these three verses in this place has raised all kinds of questions. It may be that after the renewal of the covenant the people needed a reminder to obey God, and obeying the sign of the covenant was the starting point. But there is more to it than this; it is part of the narrative design of the book. It is the artistic design that puts the filling of the Spirit section (31:1-11) prior to the Sabbath laws (31:12-18) before the idolatry section, and then after the renewal there is the Sabbath reminder (35:1-3) before the filling of the Spirit material (35:4-36:7).