Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 33:23

Context
NET ©

Then I will take away my hand, and you will see my back, 1  but my face must not be seen.” 2 

NIV ©

Then I will remove my hand and you will see my back; but my face must not be seen."

NASB ©

"Then I will take My hand away and you shall see My back, but My face shall not be seen."

NLT ©

Then I will remove my hand, and you will see me from behind. But my face will not be seen."

MSG ©

Then I'll take my hand away and you'll see my back. But you won't see my face."

BBE ©

Then I will take away my hand, and you will see my back: but my face is not to be seen.

NRSV ©

then I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back; but my face shall not be seen."

NKJV ©

"Then I will take away My hand, and you shall see My back; but My face shall not be seen."


KJV
And I will take
<05493> (8689)
away mine hand
<03709>_,
and thou shalt see
<07200> (8804)
my back parts
<0268>_:
but my face
<06440>
shall not be seen
<07200> (8735)_.
NASB ©
"Then I will take
<05493>
My hand
<03709>
away
<05493>
and you shall see
<07200>
My back
<0268>
, but My face
<06440>
shall not be seen
<07200>
."
HEBREW
o
wary
<07200>
al
<03808>
ynpw
<06440>
yrxa
<0268>
ta
<0853>
tyarw
<07200>
ypk
<03709>
ta
<0853>
ytrohw (33:23)
<05493>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
afelw {V-FAI-1S} thn
<3588
T-ASF
ceira
<5495
N-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
tote
<5119
ADV
oqh
<3708
V-FMI-2S
ta
<3588
T-APN
opisw
<3694
PREP
mou
<1473
P-GS
to
<3588
T-ASN
de
<1161
PRT
proswpon
<4383
N-NSN
mou
<1473
P-GS
ouk
<3364
ADV
ofyhsetai
<3708
V-FPI-3S
soi
<4771
P-DS
NET © [draft] ITL
Then I will take away
<05493>
my hand
<03709>
, and you will see
<07200>
my back
<0268>
, but my face
<06440>
must not
<03808>
be seen
<07200>
.”
NET ©

Then I will take away my hand, and you will see my back, 1  but my face must not be seen.” 2 

NET © Notes

tn The plural “my backs” is according to Gesenius an extension plural (compare “face,” a dual in Hebrew). The word denotes a locality in general, but that is composed of numerous parts (see GKC 397 §124.b). W. C. Kaiser says that since God is a spirit, the meaning of this word could just as easily be rendered “after effects” of his presence (“Exodus,” EBC 2:484). As S. R. Driver says, though, while this may indicate just the “afterglow” that he leaves behind him, it was enough to suggest what the full brilliancy of his presence must be (Exodus, 363; see also Job 26:14).

tn The Niphal imperfect could simply be rendered “will not be seen,” but given the emphasis of the preceding verses, it is more binding than that, and so a negated obligatory imperfect fits better: “it must not be seen.” It would also be possible to render it with a potential imperfect tense: “it cannot be seen.”



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