Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 32:9


Then the Lord said to Moses: “I have seen this people. 1  Look 2  what a stiff-necked people they are! 3 


Ex 33:3,5; Ex 34:9; De 9:6,13; De 9:13; De 10:16; De 31:27; 2Ch 30:8; Ne 9:17; Ps 78:8; Pr 29:1; Isa 48:4; Jer 13:27; Ho 6:10; Zec 7:11,12; Ac 7:51

NET © Notes

sn This is a bold anthropomorphism; it is as if God has now had a chance to get to know these people and has discovered how rebellious they are. The point of the figure is that there has been discernible evidence of their nature.

tn Heb “and behold” or “and look.” The expression directs attention in order to persuade the hearer.

sn B. Jacob says the image is that of the people walking before God, and when he called to them the directions, they would not bend their neck to listen; they were resolute in doing what they intended to do (Exodus, 943). The figure describes them as refusing to submit, but resisting in pride.

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