Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 22:25

Context
NETBible

“If you lend money to any of 1  my people who are needy among you, do not be like a moneylender 2  to him; do not charge 3  him interest. 4 

XREF

Le 25:35-37; De 23:19,20; 2Ki 4:1,7; Ne 5:2-5,7,10,11; Ps 15:5; Pr 28:8; Jer 15:10; Eze 18:8,17; Mt 25:27; Lu 19:23

NET © Notes

tn “any of” has been supplied.

sn The moneylender will be demanding and exacting. In Ps 109:11 and 2 Kgs 4:1 the word is rendered as “extortioner.”

tn Heb “set.”

sn In ancient times money was lent primarily for poverty and not for commercial ventures (H. Gamoran, “The Biblical Law against Loans on Interest,” JNES 30 [1971]: 127-34). The lending to the poor was essentially a charity, and so not to be an opportunity to make money from another person’s misfortune. The word נֶשֶׁךְ (neshekh) may be derived from a verb that means “to bite,” and so the idea of usury or interest was that of putting out one’s money with a bite in it (See S. Stein, “The Laws on Interest in the Old Testament,” JTS 4 [1953]: 161-70; and E. Neufeld, “The Prohibition against Loans at Interest in the Old Testament,” HUCA 26 [1955]: 355-412).



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