Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 21:1

Context
NET ©

1 “These are the decisions that you will set before them:

NIV ©

"These are the laws you are to set before them:

NASB ©

"Now these are the ordinances which you are to set before them:

NLT ©

"Here are some other instructions you must present to Israel:

MSG ©

"These are the laws that you are to place before them:

BBE ©

Now these are the laws which you are to put before them.

NRSV ©

These are the ordinances that you shall set before them:

NKJV ©

"Now these are the judgments which you shall set before them:


KJV
Now these [are] the judgments
<04941>
which thou shalt set
<07760> (8799)
before
<06440>
them.
NASB ©
"Now these
<0428>
are the ordinances
<04941>
which
<0834>
you are to set
<07760>
before
<06440>
them:
HEBREW
Mhynpl
<06440>
Myvt
<07760>
rsa
<0834>
Myjpsmh
<04941>
hlaw (21:1)
<0428>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
tauta
<3778
D-NPN
ta
<3588
T-NPN
dikaiwmata
<1345
N-NPN
a
<3739
R-APN
parayhseiv
<3908
V-FAI-2S
enwpion
<1799
PREP
autwn
<846
D-GPM
NET © [draft] ITL
“These
<0428>
are the decisions
<04941>
that
<0834>
you will set
<07760>
before
<06440>
them:
NET ©

1 “These are the decisions that you will set before them:

NET © Notes

sn There follows now a series of rulings called “the decisions” or “the judgments” (הַמִּשְׁפָּטִים, hammishpatim). A precept is stated, and then various cases in which the law is applicable are examined. These rulings are all in harmony with the Decalogue that has just been given and can be grouped into three categories: civil or criminal laws, religious or cultic laws, and moral or humanitarian laws. The civil and criminal laws make up most of chap. 21; the next two chapters mix the other kinds of laws. Among the many studies of this section of the book are F. C. Fensham, “The Role of the Lord in the Legal Sections of the Covenant Code,” VT 26 (1976): 262-74; S. Paul, “Unrecognized Biblical Legal Idioms in Light of Comparative Akkadian Expressions,” RB 86 (1979): 231-39; M. Galston, “The Purpose of the Law According to Maimonides,” JQR 69 (1978): 27-51.



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